Attitude Of Parents Towards Primary Education Of Their Children In Nigeria

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Attitude Of Parents Towards Primary Education Of Their Children In Nigeria


Abstract


This study is on the attitude of parents towards the primary education of children. The total population for the study is 200 residents in Kwala area council, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up civil servants, married women, married men and students was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as well as tertiary level. It will equally affect his or her life after school. As such the importance of primary education cannot be overemphasis.

It is in this regard that Malotyre and Clarkj (1996) opined that the attitude of parent determine the quality of education their children or wards receive in primary school. The positive attitude of parent have a positive impact on their children performance and aspiration, help in raising knowledge and increasing understanding and facilitate academic progress through the involvement of parents in their children academic activities. On the other hand negative attitude of parent towards their children education have a negative effect on their academic progress leading to poor academic performance and consequently the withdrawal of such children from school. This makes such children take to street and become menace to the society later in life.

However, Obodochi (2003) opined that most parent in the rural areas of Nigeria are careless about the primary education of their children as such put up negative attitude towards their children’s education at level. This is so because most rural dwellers in Nigeria are more interested in achieving short term immediate development of their children as such prefer sending their children to learn vocational trade or assist them in farm work but parent in urban areas have a positive attitude to education of their children and wards owing to their perception about education and the value they attach to education and its effect on the future of their children.

It is in this regard that Wilkinson (1997) states that the perception of the value of education to a large extent determines the attitude of parent towards their children in Kwali Area Council Abuja.


1.2 Statement of Problem

Primary education is the foundation of education and is very vital to a child’s educational development Okoh (2005).

But in spite of the importance of primary education to children’s educational development, the attitude of parents towards their children education in unsatisfactory and remains a big impediment to primary education in the area understudy. This is evident in the high rate of street hawking by children of primary school age and enrolment in vocational trade during school hours. This is attributed to myriad of vague problems ranging from poverty to cultural and religious constraints as well as parents lost of faith in Western educational sequel to the declining standard of education and the high rate of unemployed graduate combing the street in search of jobs endlessly. Hence the attitude of most parents towards the education of their children becomes questionable.

It is against this, that the subject matter: Attitude of parents towards the primary education of their children is seen as a problem worthy of being study. As such the search light is on Kwali Area Council Abuja.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The central objective of the study is to examine the attitude of parents towards the primary education of their children in Kwali Area Council Abuja. The specific objectives are:

  1. To find out the perception of parent about the value of primary education on their children educational development in Kwali Area Council.
  2. To evaluate parents involvement in their children academic work in Kwali Area Council.
  3. To determine whether the declining standard of primary education affect parent attitude towards their children education.
  4. To identify that parental attitude that is militating against primary education in Kwali Area Council.
  5. To make recommendation for practice, policy and future research on the subject matter.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: the declining standard of primary education do not affect parent attitude towards their children education.
    H1: the declining standard of primary education affect parent attitude towards their children education.
  2. H02: parental attitude do not militating against primary education in Kwali Area Council
    H2: parental attitude militating against primary education in Kwali Area Council

1.5 Significance of the Study

The significance of a study of this magnitude cannot be overemphasized. Parents, local government education department, state and federal ministries of education involved in policy formulation and implementation, would find this study really useful especially as they utilize the findings of the study. The study will equally add to the existing body of knowledge on the subject matter. Students undergoing research work similar to the present study who may wish to use this work as a reference material or a spring board for their own work will find this work really useful.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study covers the empirical examination of the attitude of parents towards the primary education of their children in Kwali Area Council. The study equally covers the perception of parent about the value of primary education as well as their involvement in their children academic work. The study also seek to find out whether the declining standard of education has any effect on the attitude of parent toward their children primary education as well as those parental attitude that militate against primary education in Kwali Area Council Abuja. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


1.7 Definition of Terms

All the terms will be defined as they were used in the context of this research.

Parental Attitude:

The way parent behave toward their children primary school.

Parents:

This refers to a father, mother or guardian responsibility for the educational training of wards or their children in primary school.

Primary School:

School for children between ages of 5 and 11 establish for elementary studies.

School Management:

This is an act of getting things done through teachers or the day to day running and administration of primary school.

Educational Policy:

This is the statement of government on education.

Educational leadership:

This is the process of formulating and implementing educational polices in primary schools.

Head teacher:

A teacher who is in charge of primary school


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the attitude of parents towards the primary education of children

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of the attitude of parents towards the primary education of children


5.2 Summary

This study was on the attitude of parents towards the primary education of children. Four objectives were raised which included; To find out the perception of parent about the value of primary education on their children educational development in Kwali Area Council, to evaluate parents involvement in their children academic work in Kwali Area Council, to determine whether the declining standard of primary education affect parent attitude towards their children education, to identify that parental attitude that is militating against primary education in Kwali Area Council.To make recommendation for practice, policy and future research on the subject matter. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 residents in Kwala area council, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up civil servants, married women, married men and students was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

There has been rapid expansion of education system in terms of enrolment, number of institutions, growth rate, etc since independence. The system has undergone a unique transformation from elitist to an egalitarian one (Powar, 1997). Therefore, all sections of the population have gained as a result of the enlargement of the system. However, the disparities between the disadvantaged groups (Gandhe, 1999) viz. minorities and non-disadvantaged groups have continued. Therefore, there is need to provide special care and opportunities to the traditional disadvantaged population in a democratic society such as ours, which stresses egalitarianism, social justice and economic development for all sections of society. It is with this in view that the Indian constitution provides an ideal of „Equality of opportunities‟. Efforts have been made to ensure greater access to the disadvantaged groups by making provisions for free ships, scholarships and reservation (Powar, 1997). Education Commission (Kothari Commission 1964-65), also observed and states, “One of the important social objectives of education is to equalize opportunities enabling the backward and under-privileged classes and individuals to use education as a level for the improvement of their conditions. Every society that values social justice and is anxious to improve the lot of talent must ensure equality of opportunity to all sections of society


5.4 Recommendation

The study recommended that school administrators and policymakers should find ways of enhancing parental involvement towards education. It was also recommended that the ministry of education uses these findings to sensitize teachers about the importance of parental involvement in education and how it is important for every child’s educational achievement.


Attitude Of Parents Towards Primary Education Of Their Children In Nigeria


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