Attitude Of Nigerians Towards Government Owned Properties (A Case Study Of Institute Of Management And Technology Enugu)

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Attitude Of Nigerians Towards Government Owned Properties (A Case Study Of Institute Of Management And Technology Enugu)


Abstract


This project is to identify the attitude of Nigerians towards government owned properties. A case study of Institute of Management and Technology (IMT), Enugu.

The statement of the problem opines that dwindling and depreciating values of the government properties in the Institute of Management and Technology Enugu, due to the attitudes of the Management towards these properties should be source of worry and ought to provoke this type of research work.

The objectives of the study include:

  1. To find out the problems and important issues that are associated with the Nigerians abandonment of government properties in the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu.
  2. To identify the vital causes of negligence and attitudes that impede the development of the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu
  3. To make recommendations on ways of ensuring greater success in the proper management of these government properties in future.

Research design and methodology, In this research study, the researcher has great emphasis towards the description simple survey. This approach was adopted because the researcher worked with a much number of potential variables. The findings are largely based on the information supplied by those interviewed both orally and from the research questionnaire, the findings includes:

  1. The attitude shown by individuals and personnel’s over government owned properties in the Institute of Management and Technology Enugu which does not promote the Institute as a whole.
  2. The result of this work shows that negligence and nonchalant attitudes are the major cause of these attitude of people toward government properties.

In this research work, recommendation of the study would in no small way help to reduce the non-challant attitude of Nigerians towards government owned properties in the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu and other Institutions.


Chapter One


Introduction

A meaningful conception of Nigerians attitude towards government owned properties involves the management and control of the infrastructural facilities, social facilities, properties, projects etc of the government, by people who are working for or under the government umbrella. Long lasting and positive effects of these properties owned by the governments, lies in the hands of the people managing them.

Carelessness, reluctance abandonment, neglect and overlooking of these government properties will yield nothing but making the working condition and environment unfavorable and unsuitable for the people that are still to be employed to take over the positions of their predecessors. People always from the attitude of mismanaging and even destroying the properties belonging to the government bearing in mind that it is not their business. After all if the government like they should check the faring of their properties and put them in order and that they are not their slaves or servants.

These impressions are rude and hammerless and also uncalled for. There is an adage that says that charity beings at home. One who mismanages some ones belongings will one day have his own belongings mismanaging by another person and see who bad and painful it is. Government properties have to be admitted, welcomed and handled with care and not abandoing, outrulling, overlooking and neglecting them for no reasons. Up to this level, that our country is yet underdeveloped, this one of the negative effect of the Nigerians attitude towards government properties. This is caused by political instability which entails the series of changes of government system which includes withdrawal and stoppage of the completion of projects of the past administrations and imitations of new policies and laid down rules of the present new administration. This thereby brings about negative attitude and behaviors towards the maintenance and up keeping of the already projects and properties at hand.

It is on the above premise and more that the researcher undertook a research project on the Nigerian attitude towards government owned properties (a case study of Institute of Management and Technology IMT Enugu) Enugu State.

There are consistency of two vast campuses which make up the institute vis campus 1 and 3. The Campus 1 (one) is located and situated at the entrance of the campus through the main gate. This part of the campus is made up of the of the offices of the lecturers and the academic offices or the exams and records unit, office of the Rector, Registrar and other senior lecturers. Also the offices of the campus staffs.

The other part of the campus known as the campus 3 (three) comprises of the lecture, classes and the students hostels and other lecturer offices including the school library.

Most of the buildings, facilities and equipments etc that made up the institution right from the origination and birth of the institute of management and technology since 1973 it came to be, are still existing despite that most of them are worn-out and dilapidated.

This is very obvious because since the birth of the academy series of administration has come and gone yet there is no change or improvement in the advancement of the institution. This should not be so. Is it because the institution is under the government of Enugu State? It is quite believable that if the institute is owned by private body, it is likely to be more advanced and attractive. This attitude of “I dont care” towards the properties of government is very unfair and up surd, and needed to be looked into.

The spirit of carelessness continues to prolong and have come an order of the day in everything owned by the government. Despite the generation of money from all corners of the institution both the allowances by the state government, yet development of the institution is still seemed as very ambiguous thing to do. The abandonment and neglect of government owned properties in the institution not only make the institution wear an ugly look, but also degrades the level of the institution in the midst of other educational institutes of higher learning. This gives rise to the dwindling of the famousity of the institution despite many past years of the government properties in the institute of management and technology which needed some attention.

  1. The dilapidated student’s hotels.
  2. Poor learning environments (lecture rooms)
  3. Out-fitted offices of some lectures
  4. Un-equipped laboratory rooms for the engineering students in the institution premises.
  5. Lack of maintenance of the office fixtures such as the air conditioners, furniture’s, ceilings, roofs and floors of the lecturers office.

Due to all the observations and the negative impacts that is created towards government properties, all because of the attitudes of the personnel’s managing the institution prompted the researcher to undertake a research projects on this project topic “Nigerian Attitude Towards Government Owned Properties (A case study of Institute of Management and Technology).


1.1 Background To The Study

The non-concern attitude of Nigerians towards government owned properties militates against the sustenance and maintenance of government properties. People feel that the government have every right to take care of their abandoned projects and properties. With their ignorant credibility, people justify over issues concerning the government that they loot and exploit the nation’s wealth from all the corners of the economic sectors, therefore all the projects and properties they build should as well be maintained and cared for by them that imitated them.

Most people just for some reasons very known and confidential to them hate everything concerning the government and for this they never value anything belonging to the government. Concerning to this, we should ask ourselves, what is this government in question?

To be able to show clarity over deaf ears given to government properties, government is a body, institution or machinery which directs the affairs of a given nation or state. These affairs are all the things concerning the activities of the populace of the nation. Therefore, this equally means that helping the government to maintain their properties will also support the growth and development of the country.

Also in terms of the institutional development mostly on that of the institute of management and technology, the personnel’s in charge are expected to use the generated funds especially from the development levy paid by the students to maintain and sustain the properties of government in order to save them from damages and dilapidations. This will help bring about development of the institution. People should not be criticizing the government but should join hands to support and maintain the projects and properties of the government in order to attain development in all the sectors of the economy.


1.2 Statement Of Problems

This research work address Nigerian attitudes towards government owned properties. The effect of the carelessness and negligence attitude on the properties of government in the institution of management and technology Enugu should be a source of worry and ought to provoke this type of research.

Nowadays when every school of higher learning strives for development and standardization through self help, this institution seems to “leave it for government to carryout”. This situation makes the institution to remain in the state of ‘forward never and backward ever’.

With this problem of negligence of maintaining the government properties in the institution, one can doubt about the production of elicit students from the institution in that kind of poor premises. This should really serve as a shameful identification to the management authority and the educational board as a whole.


1.3 Objective Of The Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To find out the problems and important issues associated with the Nigerians abandonment of governments properties in the institute of management and technology Enugu
  2. To identifying those vital causes of such negligence and attitudes that impede the development of the institute of management and technology, Enugu.
  3. To ascertain the relationship between attitudes of Nigeria and government owned properties

1.4 Research Hypotheses

The hypotheses stated below are raised in order to actualize the objectives of this study.

Hypothesis One
  • HO: there are no problems and important issues associated with the Nigerians abandonment of government’s properties in the institute of management and technology Enugu
  • HI: there are problems and important issues associated with the Nigerians abandonment of government’s properties in the institute of management and technology Enugu
Hypothesis Two
  • HO: there is no relationship between attitudes of Nigeria and government owned properties
  • HI: there is relationship between attitudes of Nigeria and government owned properties

1.5 Significance Of The Study

This research project will appeal to those at the helm of affairs especially the members of the institution boards of the school management to implement maintenance and development programmes and projects in the institution. Students of public administration and sociology/history will find this work useful. This work will equally serve as a reference piece. Since the work is not comprehensive, prospective researchers would use this work as their spring board, and elucidate more on the essence of the properties of the government in the development of the school of higher learning especially in the institute of management and technology, Enugu. The negative effect of the attitudes towards properties of government should be identified, fought and stopped to allow social and economic development. The researcher aims at being the first to delve into this type of work. Also the research work is a partial fulfillment for the award of higher national diploma certificate for the researcher.


1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

The scope of the study covers attitudes of Nigerians toward government owned properties. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability Of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.


1.7 Definitions Of Terms

a) Attitude:

This Oxford-Advanced Learner’s Dictionary defines attitude as a way of thinking about somebody or something or behaving towards somebody or something.

b) Administration:

According to Dr. G. Ugwu, administration is the act of managing a public or governmental affairs in order to achieve or attain a positive aim.

c) Dilapidated:

Means a building or a furniture being or kept in bad state of repairing.

d) et al:

And others

e) Properties:

Things that belong to a person or persons (buildings, furniture, equipments) etc.


1.8 Organisation Of The Study

This research work is presented in 5 chapters.

Chapter 1 is the introduction which includes background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of study, significance of study, scope, limitations and overview of the study.

Chapter 2 is literature review which includes introduction conceptu7al framework and summary of reviewed literature.

Chapter 3 is research methodology and design which include research design, re-statement of the problems etc.

Chapter 4 is data presentation and analysis which includes presentation based data, presentation of data according to question/questionnaires.

Chapter 5 is the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain attitudes of Nigerians towards government owned properties. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of attitudes of Nigerians towards government owned properties


5.2 Summary

This study was on attitudes of Nigerians towards government owned properties. Three objectives were raised which included: To find out the problems and important issues associated with the Nigerians abandonment of governments properties in the institute of management and technology Enugu, to identifying those vital causes of such negligence and attitudes that impede the development of the institute of management and technology, Enugu, to ascertain the relationship between attitudes of Nigeria and government owned properties. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of a case study of Institute of Management and Technology (IMT), Enugu. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made heads of departments, senior local government, senior lecturers and secretaries were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

Property has become one of the most important resources in today’s context of investment and one should always strive towards improving property-concerned management practices. As much as goals in the management of property have to be set in relation to organizational and service objectives of individual organizations, the importance of operational property should not be undermined and thus becoming a lesser priority for it does not produce tangible returns. The entire contribution of this kind of property should be well understood by the managers and as such appropriate strategic goals set accordingly. The property personnel have to be broad thinking enough to formulate and execute the strategy and there should be a structure to assist in efficient implementation and as well as systems that provide key decision-makers with information that allows them to evaluate their actions. The basis for proper decision-making with regards to the concerned activities is having relevant information and comprehension thereof in order to make sound decisions. It is worth making mention of the fact that the management team from the government did not know the expected lifespan of the buildings they manage. In principle, property managers should know the expected lifespan of their properties for sound decision-making might require this information. Moreover, in property management, relevant expertise is a requirement for it may not be easy for any other person to understand the concerned requirements.


5.4 Recommendation

The Nigeria government administration has to appreciate that property is the key resource to the government in every respect and it is recommended therefore that they adopt appropriate measures in order to improve and maintain their property in a habitable state. Many organisations and or local governments have introduced numerous measures in order to improve their practice related to operational property, including; sound reviews of the rental systems for the assets, improving maintenance by engaging in planned maintenance programmes, valuations of the portfolio and asset registers becoming widespread, occupier audits and so forth. The Nigeria government has also to appreciate that property is a resource and adopt these measures in order to improve and maintain their property value.


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