Assessment Of Effective Cultism Management Techniques In Higher Institution: A Perception Of Staff And Students Of Selected Tertiary Institutions In Nigeria

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Assessment Of Effective Cultism Management Techniques In Higher Institution: A Perception Of Staff And Students Of Selected Tertiary Institutions In Nigeria

Chapter One


Background Of The Study

The origin of cult activities in Nigeria’s higher education dates back to 1952 when Wole Soyinka and Six others founded the PYRATES CONFRATERNITY. The remaining six are, Olumuyiwa Awe, Ralph Opara and Tunji Tubi. The others are Daig Imokhuede, Pius Olegbe and Olu Agunloye. The basic objective of the organization at that time was to elevate the social life of the university campus where orderliness and discipline could be planted in the mind of youths who were expected to be future leaders in Nigeria.Adejoro (1995) lamented that Soyinka and his associates were unaware that they were making history, and that they had yet to come to terms with the fact that student and youth radicalism was receiving a national boost, resulting in the emergence of a national vanguard.The creation was paradoxical to the point that they had no idea they were setting the groundwork for what would ultimately become gansterism.

According to Thompson (1998), young people enter because it provides them with immunity, it allows them to do what they want and get away with it, and it allows them to pursue revenge.In Nigeria, the Government, Corporate bodies, religious organization and individuals have been making frantic effort to see that cultism is brought under control through proper management. Osaigbovo (2000) identified the following cultism management techniques: Coercion ,Persuasion, public awareness campaign, Public renunciation and school disciplinary measures.

Statement Of Problem

Nigerian tertiary institutions have become “war zones” as a result of the activities of various hidden cults, with reports of intermittent shooting, particularly at night, as well as rapping, maiming, and theft by these cult members. Residents of these organizations live in constant fear of being attacked, which contributes to cult-related problems. Members’ actions are discussed in low tones since they are shrouded in darkness and their rituals are nocturnal. Even with the cultism management techniques being enforced by tertiary institution, they hasn’t been any reduction in cult activities/clashes. There is an increasing number of students who join cult despite management techniques set us by their institutions of learning.

Objective Of The Study

  1. To assess if the management techniques of cultism are being enforced in higher institutions
  2. To investigate the effectiveness of the cultism management techniques in higher institutions

Research Questions

  1. Has the management techniques of cultism been enforced in higher institutions?
  2. Has the management techniques if cultism been effective in higher institutions?

Significance Of The Study

This research would benefit individuals, teachers, parents or guardians, the educational system, and society as a whole. It will also serve as raw data for prospective researchers who may want to conduct a similar analysis.

Scope Of The Study

The study aims to assess the effective cultism management techniques in higher institutions: A perception of staff and students of selected tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The sample respondent will be staffs and students of cross river state university of technoloy (CRUTECH)

Limitation Of The Study

Finance, time constraint and lack of research work were major challenges the researcher encountered during the course of this study

Definition Of Terms

Tertiary Institution:

Tertiary institution means any Public or Private Institution, School or centre of Higher Education other than a University, one of the objects of which is to provide post-secondary education


Cultism is a social group that is defined by its unusual religious, spiritual, or philosophical beliefs, or by its common interest in a particular personality, object, or goal.

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