Assessment Of The Criteria For The Promotion Of Employees In Alo Aluminium Company

Project and Seminar Material for Human Resource Management (HRM)

Assessment Of The Criteria For The Promotion Of Employees In Alo Aluminium Company


This research is focused on assessment of criteria for the promotion of employees in the Alo Aluminum Company and possibly finding or recommendation better promotion programmes for the company.

The research made use of both secondary and primary data for the development of the project.

The secondary data were collection by reaching through the journals magazines, textbook etc. all these helped to argument the one’s collected through interviews, personnel observation and questionnaire. The primary data were collected through personnel observation, interview and questionnaire were administered to the staff of Alo company the purpose of the study were as follows:

  • To ascertain to what extent Alo Company have installed promotion programme.
  • To verity who and who are to be promoted.
  • To ascertain the criteria for such promotion and if the Company complies with it
  • To determine the aim of the promotion programmes.
  • To make necessary recommendation.

In the analysis and presentation of data, I made use of chi-square from the data collected and analysis. The findings are summarized as follows. There is lack of understanding of the objectives of promotion and it’s benefit to both the employee’s and the organization. The promotion system of the organization was satisfactory but needed some adjustment for improvement.

Finally, the recommendation of this study is that the company should identify the promotion need of the staff and it could be done through performance appraisal.

Also the company should ensure proper administration of promotion programmes by removing all administration lapses and bottlenecks.

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

In today’s business world it has been proved that for any organization or firm exist or survive, it must be profit-oriented. A part from being profit oriented, organization also seek to satisfy customers want as far as possible for any organization to operate and succed it need, to work. The emphasis on employment cannot be overlooked. People work in organization for various reasons, to achieve different goals. Their motives could be primary, which is physical based, or secondary, which included the need for power achievement and affiliation, also security and status.

Generally people join organization to attain the basic needs in life

Normally in an organization individual are bound to advance from one level to another (higher level) this is normally called promotion.

According to Agbo (1999) Promotion normally occurs when one is advanced to a better job items of more authority responsibility, more privileges higher status, greater potentials and a higher pay.

Promotion in any organization or firm is a very sensitive aspect in the study of management. the word promotion in this contact can be inter-changeable used with the word “advancement”. The basis for promotion is strictly on ground of the employees overall performance. Through, there are many other factors that affect promotion in any organization such as education background, company policy, job requirement, and accomplishment of company objective and of course, there must be a vacancy before any promotion occurs.

Ibid (2001) quote without putting the right people in their right place, goal and objective cannot be adequately achieved by any organization.

In this case, it is very important to promote the right people to the right place where they are able to perform to the best of their ability for effective achievement.

Nowadays the types of work which people do may be changing as mechanization and the demands of the society dictate, but no business can exit entirely without people. Even company automated machine tool factors being planned by the Japanese will also have to employ a number of people. The objective and goal of the organization is to achieve the best or optimum result from the employee. This is imperative not only for the right but also for them to be duty integrated into the organisation. The employees in on doubt have great potentials it they are properly trained organized, motivated for their promotion.

This study is informed by the emphasis being place on promotion. The study will be carried out using the Alu-Aluminium Company as the case study. Alu –Aluminum MGG co was incorporated in 1990 by Ani.A (Mr.) it command operation at Bridgehead market Onitsha as a distributor of other companies, Aluminum product, later in 1993, the company acquired industrial kind at Nkpor Umuoji Road where it has the branch office, later in 1995, their company was at Enugu Abakaliki express way where the company is well equipped for the production of high quality roofing sheets and accessories with facilities for installing in all types of work..

Since the establishment of the company a lot of promotion have been existing in the company using criteria which make the employees to be satisfied about the job.

1.2 Statement of Problem

Inmost organization or a firm employees want to attain the highest rank possible and they do their possible achieve such a position. No one with further prospects just enter an organisation of firm to continue being at a particular position throughout his/her years of employment. People tend to aim or the other have use different types of system in their promotional programme. In this sensitive area of promotion it is obvious to a member of observers why it is done.

Already there has been a lit of policy change and difference existing in organization. They do not come as a surprise due to different objectives and goals. Other, companies usually promoted. Their employees when they are found to be competent with the job in question follow:

  1. Dose Alu Aluminium Company have a formalized promotion programme
  2. What are the criteria for such promotions and dose the company comply with it?
  3. Who and who are qualified ?
  4. What is the aim of the promotion programme?

1.3 Purpose of the Study

  1. The purposes of the present study are to ascertain to what the aluminum company installed protein programme.
  2. To verity who and are qualified to be promoted
  3. To ascertain the criteria for such promotion and if the company complies with it.
  4. To determine the aim of the promotion programme.
  5. To make necessary recommendation.

1.3 Scope of the Study

This study concern the promoting of employees with particular reference to Alo company. Not many researchers have expended time and effort on studying or researching on this aspect of promotion in organization many have marked the important of promotion in management and regard it to a very minor and insignificant aspect and instead prefer studying the appraisal system in organization.

However, the appraisal and promotion are is no case the same nut can said to be related or go hand in hand, because without the appraisal, promotion cannot take place effectively.

In this study therefore the appraisal system will be looked at also the training system will also looked at.

1.4 Limitation of the Study

Researchers generally are not a naturally easy job, researchers also involve in problem at all sorts and at various stage of the research.

This becomes apparent when such is conducted in the kind of environment we are in, when everyone is not literacy and those who have different degrees of literacy. Also where there is conservation, fear and ignorance of different degrees. Degrees of unenlightened in objectives and benefits of the research to the correspondents and researchers.

This particular studies was constrained by the following factor:

Preliminary investigation that affected these studies. Due to the fact that thee company is Alo company, they are very sorting so many things out.

Initially, they are almost impossible to see in order to give me a go-ahead order. They are either not on seat or having a meeting or something.

Hours of waiting become the constant practice without seeing them.


Questionnaires were distributed and upon the fact it was a bit difficult framing. The questions and distributing, it was worse with the attitudes of respondents

Most had a non-challant attitude-not encourage one bit.

Secrecy and Fear:

Most of the employees were afraid to answer some of the question. They were wondering given me some sheet away from receiving the questionnaires.


Some employees out of sheer ignorance refused the questionnaires. The degree of unlightment in the objective and benefits of research to the correspondents and researcher.

Lectures and Exams:

in the initial state of this research, lecture were going on and attendance can noted a lot especially with the final years, and the exam shortly approaching made it quite a task and then it was rushing all the was.


As a student, the coat of the research came into play, a proper, constructive research has to be money invested to achieve a good results and as student, this was a limiting factor.


Somehow, time is an impediment in most if not all human endeavors. It is a basic constraining factor.

1.5 Research Question

  1. What are the criteria for the promotion in Alo company?
  2. What is the aim of the promotion pragramme in the company?
  3. Dose the company have a formalized promotion programme?
  4. Who and who are qualified?
  5. Dose promotions have any effect on worker’s attitude?

1.6 Research Hypothesis

  1. Ho: Alo company have not adequately provided systematic criteria on promotion.
    HI: Alo Company has adequately provided systematic criteria on promotion.
  2. Ho: Alo company dose not have a formalized promotion programme.
    Hi: Alo company have a formalized promotion programme.
  3. Ho: the employees in Alo Company are not satisfied with their promotion.
    Hi: the employees in Alo company are satisfied with their promotion.

1.8 Significance of the Study

It is hoped that this project will be useful to the employees and employers. It will also go a long way to help manager’s employers and employees in the firm or organisation to know the extent to which the promotion has been taking place and the criteria that are involved in the promotion.

Also student of management science especially business Administration will equally benefit from the research as it will unfold the ideal behind this promotion.

1.9 Definition of Terms

Some words used in this study are going to be defined for clear understanding. some are term commonly used while other are not the essence of this is to enable the reader not to get confused in reading especially in the latter part of the study.


The most formal way of evaluation an individual with regards to this contribution on a particular job.


A structural process in which person interact for object which made up of group of people bound together to provide unity of action for the achievement of a pre-determined objects.


A directive issued from a higher-level authority and provide continuous framework for the behavior or a company official attitudes towards types of behavior with which of will allow employees to act.


The advancement to a higher rank in an organization, which demands a lot of responsibility and may be tasking on the individual.

Chapter Five

Discussion, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Discussion of Results and Finding

Management personnel get work done through subsidinate who differ, sometime widely in their contribution potential and work habits. In the exercise of their control, developmental and motivational functions, these managers form impressions about the relative worth of each employee from the point of the organization.
The aim of this project is to assess the criteria for the promotion of an employee in Alo Aluminum Company and to identify some of the problem encountered by the officials responsible for these promotions.

Research questions were asked as a guide and designed questionnaire was administered on the respondents used for the study. An attempt was made to ascertain whether the companies in the study has any promotional programme policy, and any formalized appraised systems and it so, whether the ensuring reports were open or confidential.

The results indicated that the company have a formal periodic open reporting appraisal system. The system was found to encourage trank discussions between the appraise and the appraiser, improve inter-personal relations between the managers and his subordinates and hence more co-operation and superior performance from the workers. Finally, it is assumed to be more objective since the appraiser is obliged by company policy to “justify” his assessment to the subordinates concerned.

It is assumed that praise for satisfaction among the employees of the company the working environment is quite favorable which causes comfort and competitiveness among the workers.

The superior – subordinates relationship and well as the poor relationship is very cordial. It was also found out that there was some form of training programme in the company but it is not consistent and not everyone is involved in the training programme. Few of the employees have not been involved and those that have been involved, about half of them have not benefited from the programme and a number of complaints were made. Out of the findings form interviews (formal and informal) distribution of questionnaires and personal observation, the promotion programme system in the Alo Company are satisfactory.

5.2 Conclusion

The main thrust of this study has originally been towards the promotion basis of employees in Alo Company and how it is operated.

Promotion are desired by most employees who have aspirations for themselves for them, starting at the bottom and rising in status and income overtime is part of our way of life.

Every supervisor has some, it only limited responsibility in the overall problems of offering the kind of compensation, which will attract and retain competent employees.

Based on the findings, it is now possible to advance some generation about promotion especially in the Alo Company.

Typically, there are more employees who are interested in being promoted than there are opening available.
A superior should be sensitive to those employees who appear to be satisfied in their present positions. They may prefer to stay with fellow workers whom they know and retain responsibilities with which they are familiar and comfortable with. The employees should not be strongly pressured nor concerned by a supervisor to accept higher level positions.

However, if a supervisor believes that such an employee has excellent qualification for promotion, the superior should offer encouragement and counsel which may make a promotional opportunity attractive to the employee for either current or future considerations.

In conclusion, the promotion programme in the said company are satisfied but could be better if there are proper training given to the employees and the system remains in with the company policy. The company should also keep up with the open reporting system because it is perceived to be superior to the confidential system.

Alo company have installed a good promotion system and is carried out according to the company policy. Those promoted are appraised accordieng to the system and must have been at least2 years in the present job before promotion.

The promotion given to employees encourage them to work harder and also helps in motivating them.

The main criteria for promotion is merit but at is not strictly on merit because other factors came into play such as educational background, training on the job, conduct and most importantly availability of a vacancy.

5.3 Implications of the Research Findings

The implications on the research findings is where there is lack of training or educational programme in the company, there will be low motivational value, dissatisfaction and poor performance in the company because unqualified personnel affects the smooth running of the administration system. So there is need for personnel training within the company to ensure that only qualified and skilled personnel are allowed to manage the affairs of the company.

If there is no promotion in the company, the staff will not be happy doing their job, they will move into a room where working conditions are better. So lack of promotion in the company is an ill wind that blows no one any good.

5.4 Recommendations

Recommendation of this nature will be of great help not only to these company under study brat also to other firms having similar

Problems with promotion basis first the recommendation of the open reporter siesta by is consistent with our earlier observation in the study about the advantage of the open reporting system also it can be interred from respondent considering the frothing to be major desirable features of a satisfactory performance appraisal system. feedback for indentation weaknesses and inertly performance.

Room for objectivity without the oracle of confronting the appraise with unfavorable fuglemen or reports. Potentials for improving of the superior from open confrontation with subordinate we note that it will be in the interest of the organization and the employee if these elements are present in the organization performance appraisal system the importance of feedback shouldn’t be underestimated.

Our finding here is in lame with Wilfred and toy lords conclusion that effective feedback papers to be an important factors in the soulless.

Further recommendation goes to the training of all the employees to be on a consist and for all employees not for the sake of it but for them to have an improvement in the knowledge of the work they are doily the maintenance of the working environment should not its standard instead of shout rain at a better standard or keep the present one up.

5.5 Suggestions for Further Research

Due to the invitation of this study the researcher was unable to suggest them for further research these areas in chide power constrict struggle in industry options for the urges industry in the global market

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