Assessment On The Contribution Of Team Work To The Performance Of Organization

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Assessment On The Contribution Of Team Work To The Performance Of Organization


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Team work enhances organizational cohesion or integration consequently giving rise to synchronization of efforts among the employed resulting in higher productivity. The U.S. Climate Action Partnership, as it’s known, is putting intense pressure on the federal government to reduce carbon emissions. Never before has there been such a compact between private companies and nongovernmental organizations. America’s best leaders increasingly reflect this spirit of teamwork. Princeton University President Shirley Tilghman and Brown University President Ruth Simmons have not only achieved significant breakthroughs on their own campuses but also joined to lend a helping hand to Simmons’s alma mater, Dillard University, after Hurricane Katrina. Organizational culture, Job description, Job satisfaction, skills and qualifications of employees together with the organizational structure will help in the achieving of the targets of the organization. Higgs (1996).

A simple definition of teamwork is people working together toward a common goal. Currently many organizational disciplines have adopted teamwork as essential in achieving success and their mission statements routinely allude to the importance of teamwork, utilizing such words as cooperation, coordination, collaboration, and Communication as key components. Although it is one thing for these organizations to write that they have these teamwork components in place, it is another to measure the components by a defined set of attributes and then use the results of this measurement to pursue what might, in reality, be missing in the teamwork model within each organization. Events of mass effect require teamwork among the diverse multidiscipline.

Recent study shows that employee working within the team can produce more output as compared to individual (Jones et al, 2007). In Africa, organizations such as AMREF and AAR have equally adopted team work in their core values as it easily enables them to achieve their objectives (Belbin, 2006). In West Africa, Alie et al, (1998) compared West African Organizations to those in the USA and UK and there was a significant difference in the approach used to form teams in the West African Countries. Working in a team empowers people and helps them develop autonomy, which is a source of profound job satisfaction and reduces stress (Hayes 2005).There are various ways that employees feel that they are satisfied with their jobs is through motivation factors like salary increment and recognition. In cases where there is no motivation and recognition of employees they fail to have strong team work and at the same fail to achieve their targets. Both in the UK and USA, researches done by psychologists have affirmed that teams can expand the outputs of individuals through collaboration and that employees who are working in teams become the standard for the organization’s performance Flick (2006). Hartenian (2003) notes that teamwork is the most appropriate means of improving manpower utilization and potentially raising performance of individuals within and without the organization. With support from upper level management, an employee works confidently in team and increases productivity of the organization. Nowadays, in the new business world, managers are assigning more team projects to employees with opportunities to strengthen their knowledge and develop their skills (Hartenian, 2003). For teams to perform optimally, team members should also have 4 respect and trust for each other in two dimensions – as individuals and for the contribution each brings to team’s results (Brooks 2006)


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Poor implementation of team work in organizations has had an impact on the overall output of employees in organizations. Employees have, consequently, developed behavioral and attitudinal dispositions against the employer which has led to low team spirit, dissatisfaction and even mistrust in some cases, hence low output at the work place. Ethnocentrism has also weakened team spirit in most organizations in Nigeria. Coupled with the previous factors mentioned, employees are no longer committed to achievement of organizational targets as such but rather interested in achieving their personal satisfaction. Attitude to work is said to be poor, there exist continuous and spiral demand for wage increase, better conditions of service and general workers welfare. Invariably, these behavioral patterns and dynamics world revolve around the employer-employee. One of the biggest problems faced by managers, organizations and institutions in general is getting workers to do what they need to do in order to achieve organizational targets, goals and objectives with the efficiency it deserves. Because of the complexity of human behavior and dynamics of organizational circumstances, much management goes about managing workers in such manners as could un-doubtable produce sub-optimal results, thereby jeopardizing the chances of the organizations realizing their set goals and objectives efficiently (Pamela 2013).


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of this study is to assess the contribution of team work to the performance of organization, specifically the study intends to:

  1. Find out the contribution of team work on organization performance
  2. Analyze the impact of team work on organizational performance in NBC
  3. Investigate the challenges to effective teamwork in organizations
  4. Examine factors that contribute to effective team work

1.4 Research Question

  1. What are the contribution of team work on organization performance
  2. Is there any significant impact of team work on organizational performance in NBC
  3. Investigate the challenges to effective teamwork in organizations
  4. Examine factors that contribute to effective team work

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho: there is no significant impact of team work on organizational performance in NBC

Hi: there is significant impact of team work on organizational performance in NBC


1.6 Significance of the Study

This study sought to establish the impact of teamwork to the performance of the organizational and as such, delved into identifying the challenges facing team formation, operation and overall performance. Consequently, the study exposed the link between the working environment of team members and the structure of the organization and what factors act to negatively affect this link. The findings of the study will be useful to managers of similar organizations.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This research work will be conducted in Lagos state, Nigeria Bottling Company in Ikeja will be used as a case study.


1.8 Delimitation of the Study

Finance for the general research work will be a challenge during the course of study. Correspondents also might not be able to complete or willing to submit the questionnaires given to them.

However, it is believed that these constraints will be worked on by making the best use of the available materials and spending more than the necessary time in the research work. Therefore, it is strongly believed that despite these constraint, its effect on this research report will be minimal, thus, making the objective and significance of the study achievable.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Team Work:

The combined action of a group, especially when effective and efficient.

Organization performance:

Organizational performance comprises the actual output or results of an organization as measured against its intended outputs


Assessment On The Contribution Of Team Work To The Performance Of Organization


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Assessment On The Contribution Of Team Work To The Performance Of Organization


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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the two types of assessment in teamwork?

Overview Assessment of individual members as well as assessment of the overall team are essential to enhancing teamwork 2. Individual and Collective Evaluations Peer evaluations allow team members to assess each others’ strengths and weakness and collectively discuss how team performance can be improved

What is the assessments of team learning?

Assessment of Team Learning 1 In successful teams members learn from each others’ thought processes 2 Learning assessments enables identification of effective (or not effective) individual and group learning strategies 3 Critical analysis of team members’ work enables team members to increase control of their learning More items…

How do you assess the performance of your team?

Overview Assessment of individual members as well as assessment of the overall team are essential to enhancing teamwork 2. Individual and Collective Evaluations Peer evaluations allow team members to assess each others’ strengths and weakness and collectively discuss how team performance can be improved 3. Assessment of Team Learning

How to enhance teamwork?

Assessment of individual members as well as assessment of the overall team are essential to enhancing teamwork 2. Individual and Collective Evaluations Peer evaluations allow team members to assess each others’ strengths and weakness and collectively discuss how team performance can be improved 3. Assessment of Team Learning

What are the best assessments for teamwork?

His favorite team assessments are Five Behaviors of a Cohesive Team and Shadow match, and he has written about when and why he recommends different tools. Baker recommends gathering some information from the team in advance through interviews or a survey to get a better sense of the obstacles.

What are specialized team assessments?

Today, specialized team assessments are designed to measure multiple facets of team performance based on formal models of how teams should operate. Team assessments can be conducted in a lot of different ways: in-person sessions, via email, or with tailor-made online surveys and apps.

What is a team role assessment?

The team role assessment is based on the Z Process model of creators, advancers, refiners, and executors. This tool seeks to help team members identify the roles they and others play during the various stages of a project, as described by the Z Process. Team assessments can pave the way for a lot of learning.

How do you assess your team members?

Have a few managers assess team members privately and then compare results. Here’s a form you can use. Personality assessments (e.g. MBTI), strengths assessments (e.g. Strengths finder), specialized performance assessments, DIY performance assessments

What are the best assessments for teamwork?

His favorite team assessments are Five Behaviors of a Cohesive Team and Shadowmatch, and he has written about when and why he recommends different tools. Baker recommends gathering some information from the team in advance through interviews or a survey to get a better sense of the obstacles.

What is team-based learning?

Finally, team-based learning provides several opportunities for reflection: during the group readiness assessment test; while hearing other teams’ reports of their conclusions; and during the peer evaluation process, which often includes self-evaluation. Does it work?

What is a team role assessment?

The team role assessment is based on the Z Process model of creators, advancers, refiners, and executors. This tool seeks to help team members identify the roles they and others play during the various stages of a project, as described by the Z Process. Team assessments can pave the way for a lot of learning.

How do you assess your team members?

Have a few managers assess team members privately and then compare results. Here’s a form you can use. Personality assessments (e.g. MBTI), strengths assessments (e.g. Strengths finder), specialized performance assessments, DIY performance assessments 

How to evaluate the performance of your team members?

“When evaluating the employee’s performance, check their rate of completion.” Each team member must maintain an up-to-date task list that they can use to monitor their deliverables and measure their progress.

How do you measure the success of your teams?

Most try to assess their teams by looking at lagging indicators, such as reaching milestones on time or financial measures attached to the overall goal for the team. By the time these measures are available, though, teams have worked for a considerable time, and it’s too late to change the outcome of their work.

How to assess employee performance?

Work execution is probably the most important factor you can use to assess employee performance. Execution of work is about picking a task and tackling all odds to deliver it on-time. An employee who concentrates on effective execution makes lesser mistakes.

What are the 5 effective metrics for measuring team member performance?

5 Effective Metrics for Measuring Team Member Performance Team Member Performance Metric #1: Attendance Team Member Performance Metric #2: Helpfulness Team Member Performance Metric #3: Efficiency Team Member Performance Metric #4: Initiative Team Member Performance Metric #5: Quality Over to you

How can you promote good teamwork?

Teamwork will naturally improve when you give them the liberty to work in a way that makes them the most productive. Respect the individuality of each worker to boost engagement, teamwork and employee retention. Conclusion. Good teamwork will naturally when your team has the right teamwork and collaboration skills.

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