Assessing The Impact Of Teaching Aids For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Home Economics In Senior Secondary Schools

Project and Seminar Material for Home Economics

Assessing The Impact Of Teaching Aids For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Home Economics In Senior Secondary Schools


Abstract


This study was set to achieve certain objectives among which are to assess the impact of teaching aids for effective teaching and learning of Home Economics in senior secondary schools in River state. The study adopted survey research design. The area of the study was Port Harcourt, River state. The target population for this study consisted of 111 senior secondary schools in Port Harcourt educational zone and 1597 teachers out of which only Home Economics teachers will be sampled. Random sampling technique was used in this study. The researcher randomly picked five secondary schools in urban and five secondary schools in rural. The instrument used in this study was availability and utilization of teaching aids questionnaire (AUSFQ). The questionnaire was subjected to face validation by three (3) experts in the field of educational management, measurement and evaluation. There searcher and two of research assistant (RA’s) administered the questionnaire on both the principals and teachers’. The data collected will be analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions. Based on the data collected and analysed statistically. Conclusion was made that there is a significant difference between the impact of teaching aids for effective teaching and learning of Home Economics in senior secondary schools in Port harcourt. Recommendations are made that Government and non-governmental organisations should sponsor Home Economics teachers for training in how to use available teaching aids.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Essentially, Home Economics is meant to equip learners with skills and aptitudes to maximally enhance family life through the optimal utilization of its human and material resources. Home Economics is one of the vocational subjects taught at secondary schools in the Nigerian educational system as a compulsory part of the curriculum. The Nigerian government, at all levels has over the years placed enormous emphasis on teaching aids is shaping efforts and strategies aimed at improving students standard of learning in the country but no one seems to capture the real factors as to why the standard of education in country still remain very low. Teaching aids refers to tools like an object (such as a book, picture, or map) or device (such as a DVD or computer) used by teachers to help learners improve reading, learning and other skills needed for academic excellence. In Nigeria today, many schools cannot boast of teaching aids and therefore government should endeavor to make education her priority to help improve our standard of learning by providing the required teaching aids to schools.

Teaching Aids or teaching aids are essential and significant tools needed for teaching and learning of school subjects to promote teachers’ efficiency and improve students’ performance. Teaching aids make learning more appealing and interesting. It also gives room for the students to participate actively in the class and helps the teachers to teach effectively. Ibeneme (2000) defined teaching aids as those materials used for practical and demonstration in the class situation by students and teachers. In addition, Obanya (2004) asserted that several studies carried out in some areas in Nigeria indicated that the results of Senior School Certificate Examinations were completely bad in nearly all subjects offered by the students. He stressed further that only about 10% of candidates ‘meaningfully passed’ the examination. Abdu-Raheem (2011) asserted that non availability and inadequacy of Teaching Aids are major causes of ineffectiveness of the school system and poor performance of students in schools. Ahmed (2003) confirmed thatteaching and learning take place under most un-conducive environments in most secondary schools in Nigeria and these schools lack manyessential materials for academic excellence. Eniayewu (2005) posited that it is very important to use teaching aids for instructional delivery to make students acquire more knowledge and to promote academic standard.

Afolabi and Adeleke (2010) identified non-availability, inadequacy and non utilization of learning materials as a result of teacher’s poor knowledge as factors responsible for the use of lecture method. They recommended that students, teachers, parents, Parents/Teacher Association, government and philanthropists should be involved in improvising Teaching Aids for the teaching and learning in schools. Therefore, Ogbondah (2008) advocated for teachers’ resourcefulness and as well encouraged them to search for necessary teaching aids through local means to complement the standard ones that are available to make their teaching to be more effective. Jekayinfa (2012) also identified the importance of improvisation of Teaching Aids as making learning concrete and real, substitutesone thing for another, allows the students to participate in the production of materials, economical and more teacher- student resource oriented. Abdu-Raheem (2014) submitted that improvisation of locally made teaching aids could assist to improve quality of graduates turn out from schools and standard of education generally. Abdu-Raheem and Oluwagbohunmi (2015) also corroborated the idea that resourceful and skilful teachers should improvise necessary Teaching Aids to promote academic standard in Nigerian schools. This study will therefore examine the impact of teaching aids for effective teaching and learning of Home Economics in senior secondary schools.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Home Economics education subjects ought to attract many students because of its laudable importance but reverse has been the case. The reason for this probably is due to people’s perception that it does not require specialized kind of training. People are ignorant of the importance of the vocational subjects which could help males and female students receive formation and to be able to work solution to problems. Also, it enables the students to acquire skills, abilities needed for independent life.

One of the major problems facing education sector in Nigeria is the low level of the performance of secondary school students in the examinations. It was observed that students usually fail in examinations owing to improper teaching methods and lack of essential teaching aids for instructional delivery. (Afolabi, 2009). This study therefore finds it worthy to assess the impact of teaching aids for effective teaching and learning of Home Economics in senior secondary schools in Nigeria.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The specific objectives are;

  1. Identify the various teaching aids available for teaching senior secondary schools Home Economics.
  2. Determine the utilization of the available teaching aids by the senior secondary schools teachers of Home Economics.
  3. Identify the various teaching aids planned for teaching senior secondary schools Home Economics students.
  4. Ascertain the various ways teaching aids are being maintained for teaching senior secondary schools Home Economics students.
  5. Assess the impact of teaching aids for effective teaching and learning for teaching Senior secondary schools Home Economics students.

1.4 Research Question

The following questions were answered in the course of this study

  1. What teaching aids are available for teaching senior secondary schools Home Economics students?
  2. What is the various teaching aids being planned by senior secondary schools teachers of Home Economics?
  3. To what extent do Home Economic teachers of senior secondary schools utilize the available teaching aids?
  4. In what ways are the various teaching aids being maintained for teaching Senior secondary schools Home Economics students?
  5. To what extent does the schools assessed teaching aids for teaching Senior secondary schools Home Economics students.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The result of the study would be of immense benefits to the government. The results of the study would show the devices that are lacking in these institutions so that the government would supply them to the schools. Schools now will increasingly use teaching aids/Teaching Aids to improve the efficiency of administration. Through equipping the schools with laboratories, the learners will have access to a wide range of information resources. This will also enable the teachers to teach effectively and makes the tasks of teaching simplified.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The study on assessing the impact of teaching aids for effective teaching and learning of Home economics in senior secondary schools in Nigeria. The samples for this study shall be selected from four secondary schools in Port Harcourt, Rivers State.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

The only constraint encountered by the researcher was finance. This limited the researcher to print just one hundred and sixty questionnaires as against the proposed two hundred and fifty questionnaires. The researcher, however, came up with findings that would be worth making reference to in future and also contribute to the existing literature.

In the process of carrying out this study, the following problems were encountered by the researcher, this includes:

Time Factor:

The time within which this work must be completed and submitted for appraisal stood as an impediment tothis project work.

Financial Resources:

Due to lack of finance at the disposal of the researcher, affected the quality of this work, cause my sponsor(parents) prefers to spend money on my younger once admission into the University recently (2019/2020) academic session) rather than devoting huge financial resources on this study that will be of economic and academic importance in years to come.


1.9 Definitions of Terms

The following terms were used in the course of this study:

Academic Performance:

Scores attained in form one end of year examination.

Home economics:

Field of study that deals with the economics and management of the home and community.It deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.

Learning:

Is the act of acquiring new or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences which may lead to a potential change in synthesizing information, depth of the knowledge, attitude or behavior relative to the type and range of experience.

Secondary school:

Is the next step up from primary school. Secondary schools are often called high schools in the United States. In Britain, secondary schools may be public schools, grammar schools or comprehensive schools.

Teaching:

The process of attending to people’s needs experiences and feelings, and making specific interventions to help them learn particular things.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

On the basis of finding of the study the following conclusion was made:

The findings of this study have indicated that there was a significant difference between availability, planning, utilizing, maintenance, and assessment of teaching aids for teaching Home Economic students in urban and rural areas of Port Harcourt, River state.


5.3 Recommendation

The following recommendations are made based on the research findings.

  1. Government and non-governmental organisations should sponsor Home Economics teachers for training in how to use available teaching aids.
  2. Principals, heads of Home Economics departments and supervisors from the State Education commission should sensitize Home Economics teachers on the potentials of using teaching aids for teaching. This would help the teachers become more knowledgably and plan teaching aids to improve their teaching
  3. Principals of schools that have computers should allow Home Economics teachers to utilize them for teaching.
  4. Government should provide a vast array of electronic instructional facilities such as films, computers, videos, and several supplementary Internet facilities in Home Economics laboratories/ workshops.
  5. Teacher education institutions should intensify training for student-teachers in maintenance and use of teaching aids. They should expose Home Economics student teachers to a range of practical tasks on teaching aids to help them become more aware and competent to assess and utilize when they become teachers.
  6. Partnerships and other strategies identified in this study should be implemented by relevant bodies.

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