Application Of Audio Visual Aids In Teaching Accounting In Senior Secondary Schools

Project and Seminar Material for Accountancy / Accounting

Application Of Audio Visual Aids In Teaching Accounting In Senior Secondary Schools


Abstract


This project work was undertaken to survey the use of audio visual aids in the teaching and learning of Accounting in some selected secondary school in Igbo-Eze North Local Government Area. To find solution to the problems which gave to undertaking the survey questionnaires were raised to check the availability use and the attitude of teachers towards audio/visual aids in teaching Accounting in the selected secondary school in the local government areas of study. From the findings it was discovered that audio/visual aids are not available in schools therefore teachers teach the various language skills without the required basic aids. Recommendations were therefore made to the appropriate authorities to provide and maintain audio/visual aids in the teaching of Accounting so as to enhance the promotion of learning among pupils towards improved yearly performance and daily use.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Teaching and learning activities are interesting when instructional materials are used effectively and efficiently in a classroom-teaching situation. It is necessary for the teacher in the learning of Accounting in Nigeria to use visual aid material as instructional tools in order to make their teaching more interesting that is to arouse the learning interest, sustain their attention for effective learning. But the problem in many secondary schools as elsewhere in Nigeria is that of the instructional material like audio/visuals are not available and even where they are, the teachers do not use them effectively. The reason for this attitude may be because teachers engage themselves in so many other relevant or irrelevant activities. The desire and haste of some teacher to cover the syllabus or scheme of work instead of making their teaching more meaningful and imparting. Often time some teaching goals depend on material for planning and utilization of instructional material for some teacher the production of instructional material is only for passing their examination the training college and not for actual use in the classroom.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The research was motivated by the fact that, without audio-visual aids, students do not retain for long or appreciate what is being taught. This education does not encourage commitment and lacks motivation or support. It is not based on experience in the sense, nor does it extend its experience. These reading, above all, can not be irreversible. Nevertheless, there is also evidence of the poor use and non-accessibility of audio-visual content in classrooms.
Against this backdrop, this research will critically examine the use of audio-visual media of teaching accounting in senior secondary schools. Investigating the use of audio-visual media of teaching effective accounting in senior secondary schools can be difficult as learning is a long life process.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The major purpose of this study is to investigate and lay bare the usefulness of audio visual aids in teaching for the effective teaching and learning of accounting partially in senior secondary schools.

  1. To evaluate if use of audio-visual media in senior secondary schools improve the quality of secondary education.
  2. To examine the challenges of using audio-visual media for effective teaching accounting.
  3. To find out the factors that determine the quality of education.
  4. To find out if the use of audio-visual media change to the learning process in secondary education

1.4 Significance of the Study

The research work will be a formative evaluation for educational planners in assessing the quality of education on the use of audio-visual media for teaching effective accounting in senior secondary schools. Also, it will help in the formulation of educational policies and show the ministry and states department of education the need for incorporating instructional materials for improving and ensuring qualitative education among senior secondary school pupils.


1.5 Research Questions

The following research questions are to guide the study.

  1. Does the use of audio-visual media in senior secondary schools improve the quality of secondary education?
  2. What are the likely challenges of using audio-visual media for effective teaching accounting?
  3. Are there factors that determine the quality of education?
  4. Does the use of audio-visual media change to the learning process in secondary education?

1.6 Limitation of the Study

The researcher will be limiting the research project work to some selected secondary schools due to insufficient time, inadequate finances and because of the largeness the local government.


1.7 Definition of Operational Terms

1. Audio-Visual:

These are devices or technology medians or learning devices that helps the teacher to clarify, establish and co-ordinate accurate concepts.

2. Audio:

These are sound especially music that is recorded broadcast or played on electronic equipment.

3. Visual:

This is material that can be seen which a teacher use to teach or transmit knowledge to the pupils.

4. The Bulletin Board:

This is another visual media it is a cheap medium of instruction and always available in the classroom.

5. Graphic Device:

Those media as cartoon, maps, posters, diagrams, drawing. Their used to cover long topic and concepts.

6. Media:

This is the process by which large number of people receive information and entertainment that is, television, radio and newspaper.

7. Teaching Media:

These are tools used by a teacher to supplement classroom instruction or to stimulate the interest of the pupils.

8. Qualified Teacher:

This is a teacher who has acquired the maximum body of skill and knowledge needed to teach a particular subject.

9 Attitude:

This is the belief or opinion people generally hold on some principles that usually lead to the community of the society.

10. Senior Secondary Schools:

In this, project refers to the formal school set up attended by children at the early age of their lives.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on application of audio visual aids in teaching accounting in senior secondary schools using secondary schools in Igbo- Eze North Lga as a case study.The study specifically was aimed at highlighting if use of audio-visual media in senior secondary schools improve the quality of secondary education. The study also examine the challenges of using audio-visual media for effective teaching accounting. The study further find out the factors that determine the quality of education. Lastly, the study find out if the use of audio-visual media change to the learning process in secondary education. A total of 77 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from teachers of the selected secondary schools.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Apathy of the teachers is one of the challenges faced by teachers
  2. Indifference of students is another challenges faced by teachers.
  3. The fact that they are not interactive, and they do not provide the visual elements that many students desire.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The Ministry of Education should employ more teachers so as to reduce the workloads hence lessen overload related stresses among teachers and its negative impacts to teacher/leaner performance.
  2. The ministry of education should review the syllabus so as only the relevant content to be taught hence lessen the workload and enhance effective syllabus coverage.

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