Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic

Chapter One


1.1 Background Of The Study

A newly emerging coronavirus, SARS‐CoV‐2 (previously known as 2019‐nCoV) which can cause coronavirus disease (COVID‐19), a severe respiratory illness like SARS and MERS, was first reported in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) initially declared the COVID‐19 outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) and then characterized it as a pandemic. In response to the pandemic, rigorous policies to restrict public movement and large gatherings have been implemented in China, such as extending the Lunar New Year holiday, postponing the spring semester for universities, primary and middle schools and kindergartens (“China Extends Spring Festival Holiday”, 2020). Due to the strict physical distancing measures, people are heavily reliant on media, especially social media (e.g. Weibo and WeChat), to learn the latest news about the pandemic and to maintain connectivity (Limaye et al., 2020).

Social media refers to the means of interactions among people in which they create, share, and/or exchange information and ideas in virtual communities and networks. The Office of Communications and Marketing manages the main Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, LinkedIn and YouTube accounts.

Despite the importance of media in spreading urgent information during times of collective trauma events, numerous studies have suggested that disaster media exposure may evoke poor mental health outcomes. For example, early 9/11‐ and Iraq War‐related television exposure was prospectively associated with increases in post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms (Silver et al., 2013). Following the Boston Marathon bombings, six or more daily hours of bombing‐related media exposure was associated with higher acute stress symptoms in individuals outside the directly affected community (Holman, Garfin, & Silver, 2014). Among adolescents who did not experience the Sichuan earthquake in 2008, those who were frequently exposed to distressing media images reported a higher risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 6 months later (Yeung et al., 2018). Although the negative impacts of disaster media exposure on a range of psychological outcomes have been demonstrated (see the review by Pfefferbaum et al., 2014), secondary traumatic stress (STS) was not adequately addressed (Ben‐Zur, Gil, & Shamshins, 2012; Blanchard et al., 2004). STS refers to PTSD‐like symptoms, such as arousal, avoidant behaviors, and intrusive imagery, as a consequence of being indirectly exposed to traumatic events (Branson, 2019; Ludick & Figley, 2017). Given that most people are not infected with SARS‐CoV‐2, it is critical to consider whether media exposure is associated with STS among the general population. Indeed, Li et al. (2020) found that the general public reported even higher levels of vicarious traumatisation than front‐line nurses fighting COVID‐19.

Compared with traditional media, social media has played a multitude of positive roles in information exchange during the COVID‐19 crisis, including disseminating health‐related recommendations, enabling connectivity and psychological first aid (Merchant & Lurie, 2020), showing public attitudes, experience, and perception of the disease as well as sentiment to the government (Zhu, Fu, Grépin, Liang, & Fung, 2020). On the other hand, social media has also fueled the rapid spread of misinformation and rumors, which can create a sense of panic and confusion among the public (Garfin, Silver, & Holman, 2020). However, there has been a dearth of studies focused specifically on social media exposure. Thus, it is still unknown whether and how using social media to access COVID‐19 is associated with mental health. In addition, it is necessary to examine the association in young adults, considering that they are more frequent users of social media (China Internet Network Information Center, 2013) and are prone to use social media sources to access disaster‐related messages (Piotrowski, 2015).

1.2 Statement Of Research Problem

The emergence of covid-19 brought along fears because ,this was a new disease which the cause was not known at the time it began and there was no vaccine yet for it, this caused so many confusion to the the entire world populace as there were varied and unconfirmed information as to what causes it, or how it can be contracted or the kind of precaution one can take to avoid contracting the virus. Amidst all this social media advertisement played a huge role in disseminating information whether from a confirmed source or not and this have adverse effect on the mental health of a lot of people. Also, this made so many people get wrong information . Example of which was the information that if u eat a lot of ginger you will not contract the virus and in the end it landed a lot of people in the hospital this among many are what we shall examine in this study.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The primary objective of this study is to:

  1. To find out the effect of social media information on mental health.
  2. To find out the positive and negative effect of these information on mental health.
  3. To find out how well processed and confirmed information can help improve mental health.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for this research which are:

  1. What are the causes and effect of social media information on mental health?
  2. What are the role of social media in the positive and negative effect of wrong information on mental health?
  3. How can social media get right and verified information and controlling misinformation?
  4. What are the ways confirmed information can help improve mental health?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The significance of this study cannot be underestimated as:

  1. This study will lay emphasis on the effect of social media information on mental health during covid-19 pandemic
  2. The findings of this research work will undoubtedly provide the much needed information to government organizations, ministry of health, individuals, NGOS, and academia

1.6 Scope Of The Study

This study intends to analyze the effect of social media information on mental health during covid-19 pandemic. Hence this study is delimited to social media users in Lagos state and as such, will be used as our case study.

1.7 Limitations Of The Study

This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:

Financial constraint is inevitable considering the present economic situations. Due to lack of finance at the researchers disposal to get materials and in printing of questionnaires. it was not possible to visit some of the communities that have been plagued by bandit activities.

In developing countries like Nigeria, there is the problem of insufficient data.

Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher

1.8 Operational Definition Of Terms


Examine something methodically and in detail, typically in order to explain and interpret it.

Social Media:

Websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking.

Mental Health:

A person’s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional well-being


This is a disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus. ‘CO’ stands for corona, ‘VI’ for virus, and ‘D’ for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as ‘2019 novel corona virus’ or ‘2019-nCoV.’

Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic

Project Material Download

3,000 Naira

The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank Plc Account No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card


Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | 08143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk

You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search

Want a discount?
Become a partner and you can always buy at a lower price

You can leverage this opportunity and maximize your profit:

  1. If you are a student that needs a side income.
  2. If you own a business center near school (top notch)
  3. If you are a final year student
  4. If you are a course representative in your school
  5. If you assist students in getting research materials (top notch)

Click Here for More Details

Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic


This research material “Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”. is only providing this material “Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

How to defend your research work

This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Analyzing The Effect Of Social Media Information On Mental Health During Covid-19 Pandemic” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resources Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.