Analysis On Selected Physico-Chemical And Microbiological Properties Of Upper Otamiri River

Project and Seminar Material for Science Laboratory Technology SLT

Analysis On Selected Physico-Chemical And Microbiological Properties Of Upper Otamiri River


Abstract


Water samples were collected from Otamiri River at three different sites (Egbu, Emmanuel Collage and Polytechnic Junction Nekede) for a period of four months. The water samples collected were analyzed for some physico-chemical and microbiological parameters which include PH, Temperature Total dissolved solids, BOD, Dissolved Oxygen Zinc, Copper (heavy metals) colour, Odour, Taste, Appearance using standard procedures.

The physio-chemical parameters investigated and their mean values for the rainy months and that of the dry months are as follows: Temperature 24.60c (33.30c), PH 6.27 (7.97), conductivity 23.7sus/cm3 (73.08 us/cm3) TSA 11.87 mg/l (57mg/l), TSS 2.53mglc (4.3mg/l), colour 58.3 PTCO (81.7 PTCO), Dissolved oxygen 4.5mglc, BOD 3.42mglc, Copper 0.20(0.12mg/l), Zinc 0.34mglc (0.12mg/l), Nitrate 0.2 (0.68mg/l) and fecal coliform was above WHO standard for drinking water.

The results showed that, water from Otamiri River is unsafe for drinking, since the values of most parameters investigates did not meet with the WHO standard and could be a public health concern.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Objectives of the Study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1.1 Colour
  • 2.1.2 Taste of Odour
  • 2.1.3 PH (Hydorogen Ion Concentration)
  • 2.1.4 Temperature
  • 2.1.5 Dissolved Oxygen (DO)
  • 2.1.6 Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
  • 2.1.7 Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)
  • 2.1.8 Total Suspended Solids (TSS)
  • 2.1.9 Conductivity
  • 2.1.10 Zinc and Copper (Heavy metals)
  • 2.1.11 Feacal Coliform

Chapter Three

3.0 Materials and Methods

  • 3.1 Description of Study
  • 3.2 Sources/ Locations
  • 3.3 Data Collection
  • 3.4 Determination of Physico-Chemical Properties
  • 3.4.1 Dissolved Oxygen (DO)
  • 3.4.2 Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
  • 3.4.3 Temperature (0C)
  • 3.4.4 PH (Hydrogen Ion Concentration)
  • 3.4.5 Conductivity
  • 3.4.6 Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)
  • 3.4.7 Total Suspended Solids (TSS)
  • 3.4.8 Colour
  • 3.4.9 Odour and Appearance
  • 3.4.10 Copper
  • 3.4.11 Zinc (Zn)
  • 3.4.12 Coliform

Chapter Four

4.0 Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Results
  • 4.2 Discussion

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • Reference
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

A River is a natural water course, (Merriam 2010), usually fresh water, flowing toward an ocean, lake or another River. The chemistry of Rivers is complex and depends on inputs from atmosphere and the inputs from man’s activities in an area and our growing population is placing great demands upon natural fresh water resources (Waziri et al., 2009). The characteristics of water quality are basically classified as physical, chemical and biological.
The availability of good water quality is an indispensable feature for preventing diseases and improving quality life (Oluduro and Aderiye 2007).

Rivers have been used as a source of water, for obtaining food and as a means of disposing waste. Therefore, it is important that water for drinking and other uses should be analyzed to assess the level and nature of pollution (WHO, 2005). It is also important in water quality studies to know the amount of organic matter present in the system and the quantity of oxygen required for stabilization of the water.

The impact of organic pollutants on water quality in this work is expressed in terms of the biochemical oxygen demand which depend on the dissolved oxygen (DO) and Total Dissolved solids (IDS) on the other hand is used to defined the organic content of the river and the Total Suspended Solids (TSS) respectively, Efe, Ogban, Horsefall and Akporhonor (2005).


1.1 Objectives Of The Study

The objectives of this project work are:

  1. To study and examine of the water quality through analysis of some physico-chemical properties.
  2. To determine the levels of some pollution indicators and comparing the results with WHO acceptable standards for drinking water.

Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

Based on the analysis of water parameters using various techniques, it can be concluded that Otamiri river water quality has degraded beyond reasonable doubt. This may have resulted from domestic and possibly agricultural wastes that are disposed directly to the river at various locations without treatment due to poor implementation of environmental regulations.


5.2 Recommendation

There is a need for routine checks to ascertain the suitability of these water sources so as to forestall (prevent) outbreaks of water borne diseases to the host community. This could be achieved through proper monitoring, effective public enlightenment and environmental awareness campaign programmes such as environmental education, seminars and workshop among others. The treatment of runoff including urban waste water being generated from all land use along the river channels should be enforced by law enforcement agency.
The resident along Otamiri river environment should embrace the culture of using waste incinerator and disposing management instead of discharging their waste to Otamiri river.


Analysis On Selected Physico-Chemical And Microbiological Properties Of Upper Otamiri River


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Analysis On Selected Physico-Chemical And Microbiological Properties Of Upper Otamiri River

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Analysis On Selected Physico-Chemical And Microbiological Properties Of Upper Otamiri River” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Analysis On Selected Physico-Chemical And Microbiological Properties Of Upper Otamiri River” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.