Analysis Of The Problems Of Student Teachers During Teaching Practice Exercise

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Analysis Of The Problems Of Student Teachers During Teaching Practice Exercise


Abstract


This study is on analysis of the problems of student teachers during teaching practice exercise. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma West local government area of Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up senior lecturers, junior lecturers, graduate assistants and Non academic staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Teaching as a profession like any other profession has prescribed services it renders to any human society. It is therefore; absolutely necessary for many individuals who went to become a teacher to acquire skills and demands. Students teaching practice is one of such relevant factors in teacher’s education programme.

Teaching practice is an “integral part” of teacher education which occupies a phase of its own, during the phase, there will be teacher sent out by his training institution (of lower level). For the purpose of putting into practice the skills he has learnt under the supervision of an experienced teacher.

Every student teacher should be made to realize that only teacher who has passed both theory paper and compulsory practical training examination are considered trained and certified. No student teacher is considered fit the award of a pass grade in teaching unless he or she successfully fulfills the prescribed practice regarded as a core course of teacher education programmes, which affords student teachers the opportunity to face the realities of their professional career. The exercise enables the student teacher to adjust and overcome some of the practical problems of teaching often encountered in the classroom.

The student teacher who is able to examine a problem from a variety of perspective has the advantage of being in a position to use different approaches. Furthermore, he is also likely to perceive him self as a factor in the problem under consideration.

The importance of teaching practice in teacher education programmed cannot be over emphasized. It is the crucial period the teacher put into practical, the student teacher encountered a lot of difficulties (problems) which they have to grapple with for effective teaching learning to place.

In Ambrose Alli University, teaching practice is important to the student’s teacher’s understanding the appreciation of the principles of child growth and action to the teaching learning process. Presently, there has been a lot of concern about teaching practice in Ambrose Alli University, it’s especially on it effectiveness and purpose. The concern have been variously expressed by educationist in the Faculty of Education in Ambrose Alli University, student themselves and the general public thought of book written by some of the journal and mass media.
Accepting the assumption that not every body can teach effectively and teachers are made, not born. It therefore follows that in Ambrose Alli University, teachers can be aided to acquire practice knowledge, skill and attitude to good teaching.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Teaching has it own problem which professional teachers try to overcome by teaching practice. Because the student is still practicing teaching he/she is confronted by peculiar problems.

Among the problems faced by the student teacher are:

  1. Planning the lesson.
  2. Poor class management and control.
  3. Lack of facilities in practicing school.
  4. Poor method of teaching.
  5. Ineffective usage of teaching aids.
  6. Inability to differentiate between the needs of the individual child and
  7. Supervision

1.3 Research Question

  1. Is there any relationship between the attitude or practicing school and student teacher performance during teaching practice?
  2. Is there any relationship between self-confidence of the student teacher and his performance during teaching practice?
  3. Is there any relationship between availability of teaching aids and student teacher’s performance during teaching practice?

1.4 Hypotheses Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant relationship between the attitude of practicing school and student teacher’s performance during teaching practice.
  2. There is no significant relationship between self-confidence of the student teacher and his performance during teaching practice.
  3. There is no significant relationship between availability of teaching aids and student teacher’s performance during teaching practice.

1.5 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to highlight the problems most student teachers in Ambrose Alli University as well as other institution encounter during teaching practice. How those constitute problems and consequences on students teachers and teaching in general. The student also tried to find the major threat that attempt to weaken this pragramme.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The benefit that could be derived from the outcome of this research work are as follows-:

  1. It could provide the student teachers with useful information on likely problems they are going to face during teaching practice and to make them prepared to overcome these problems.
  2. It could make the student teacher to be, and are of what the teaching profession demands and what it takes to be a good teacher and function properly in a school environment.
  3. It enables the supervision and teaching organizers to know the various problems student teachers face during teaching practice.
  4. The State and Federal Ministries of Education would be aware of the problems student teachers encounter whenever they are out on teaching practice and this would enable then to provide lasting solution to those problems.
  5. Finally all outcome of this would increase the volume of literature for student teacher in Ambrose Alli University as well as other institution, during teaching practice.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This study is restricted to the analysis of the problems of student teachers during teaching practice exercise. Teaching practice, as an exercise is included in the education programme of all teachers producing institutions.
It therefore means that what obtain in one case in applicable in another case as far as problems of teaching practice is concerned. However, in obtaining the necessary data that aided the researcher final analysis and condition, the study was restricted to Ambrose Alli University alone, both full time and part time student, where the researcher was able to tap information from students who have at one time or the other done teaching practice.


1.8 Limitation of the Study:

There is no doubt that during the course of writing this project many limitations were faced some of them includes the following-:

1. Time factor:

The time was a big constraints compared to the volume and quality of the work to be done.

2. Data collection:

This process passed a lot of limitation to this work due to source of data mentioned may not be enough over the ones collected, were collected in a rigorous form.

3. Finance:

This is also another limitation as a result of the fact that every stage of this work needed finance beginning from the first stage to the last stage.

4. Respondents:

These are also limitation due to the preservation attitude of some people in releasing vital information


1.9 Definition of Terms

The concepts are defined as they have been used in this work.

Teaching Practice:

It is an integral part of teaching education which occupies a phase or its own.

Student Teacher:

A college student in a Teacher Training Institute, who went through required courses in the teacher education programme before being assigned to a co-operating school for professional laboratory experience.

Backward Children:

They are those that are below average in their subject but they may be good in one or two subject their intelligence quotient is much more below 100

Extrovert:

They are the noisy, pushful type of children their nurse grievances, they have no patience for work that needs thinking; they prefer activities that involve action.

Introvert:

They are the quiet types who really don’t speak out their minds for people to know what they are thinking.

Individual Difference:

Individual in variable differ from one another in the extent of their growth and their development progress tends not to be informed in all area within the individual e.g. physical growth may progress at a different rate then intelligence growth.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain analysis of the problems of student teachers during teaching practice exercise

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of problems of student teachers during teaching practice exercise


5.2 Summary

This study was on analysis of the problems of student teachers during teaching practice exercise .Four objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the problems most student teachers in Ambrose Alli University as well as other institution encounter during teaching practice, find out the supervisory challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise, find out the environmental challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise, determine the classroom management challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma West local government area of Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up senior lecturers, junior lecturers, graduate assistants and Non academic staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.


5.3 Conclusion

The study confirms that within the student teaching practice experience, student teachers encounter difficulties that result to problems associated with the classroom management, conducive environment, curriculum- development and instruction and supervision. Classroom management represents one of the major challenges identified by student teachers during their teaching practice experience. Classroom management is challenging for student teachers due to the difficulty providing realistic situation in the educational studies classroom prior to student teaching. Contributing to this are classroom dynamics that vary widely depending on the level of the classes, the time of day and the students. This approach provides a practical approach that still falls short of simulating the experience but exposes student to real-life situations, expectations and strategies in regard to dealing with classroom management. Student teachers are expected to get the supervisors feedback to enable them take corrections and make amends. The attainment of quality education will be a mirage without adequate preparation of manpower that will dispense the knowledge. This calls for serious consideration of stipulated strategies to be adopted in tackling the challenges which student teachers face


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings of this research, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Proper attention should be given to the classroom management by the student teachers in order to achieve the specific objective at the end of the lesson in the classroom.
  2. The Student teachers should be provided with lodging accommodation by the practicing schools.
  3. Adequate curriculum guidelines, facilities, reference materials like textbooks etc should be made available to facilitate effective and efficient teaching and learning.
  4. Competent and dedicated supervisors should be used in teaching practice supervision.
  5. There is need for the government to provide good library facilities and laboratories.
  6. Students’ teachers should be sent to high quality schools with enabling learning environment.

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Analysis Of The Problems Of Student Teachers During Teaching Practice Exercise

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.