An Analysis Of Performance Of Political Office Holders And Career Civil Servants (A Case Study Of Owerri Municipal)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


The advent of advanced technology, the complexity of morden governmental business have only made it more than necessary that politicians and careers administrators co-operate and coexist for public formulation and execution of the two roles therefore should be seen as two sides of same fair coin, though with career civil servants as subordinate of the political class.

The politicians is concerned with the democratic responsiveness of the government while the career administrator should be concerned with the technical effectiveness. Technical effectiveness here is used to describe the role of the career civil servant in planning the work to be done and reviewing of policy objective and goal, establishing and reviewing of organizational directives and supervision of employees, exercising controls and any other function which the purpose and goals of the policy may be added to this and therefore, the career civil servants cannot be devoured from policies.

Table Of Content

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objective of study
  • 1.4 research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Definition of study
  • 1.9 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • (other functions of the topic)
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources / Method of data collection
  • 3.4 Population/ Sample size
  • 3.5 Sampling techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and Reliability of measuring instruments
  • 3.7 Methods of Data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of data
  • 4.3 Analysis of data
  • 4.4 Interpretation of result.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of finding
  • 5.3 Conclusions
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • 5.5 References
  • Appendix

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

This study is basically concerned with the role of relationship between political office holders and career officers in Owerri Municipal Council of Imo state. Local government administrator (or career officer) constitutes the machinery which propels or galvanizes the local government into initiation of its programmes and policies. Without the career officers, whatever policies or programmes the local government executive formulates aimed at achieving and improving the standard of living of the rural people will virtually come to naught.

In other words, local government career officers are indispensable for the achievement of the goal and objectives of the local government. The chairman and supervisory councilors who are political office holdersโ€™ deals with policy matters.

They are concerned with the electoral mandate to meet the yeaning of the people on who they get into office, to achieve this objective they however, have to rely on the technical and administrative knowledge as well as support the career officers to translate most of their ambitions into reality.

They have the responsibility of taking decisions with regards to formulate policy. The administrators on the other hand, are responsible for implementing these policies. Both politicians and the career officers need each other to operate efficiently.

1.2 Statement Of Problem

The conflict between the politicians and the career civil servants is not peculiar to the local government system. It is a wide spread phenomenon at all levels of government in Nigeria instances abounded where the politicians find themselves a little liked by the career civil servants advised them.

They are even there to prevent mistakes to which politicians are prone to by the nature of their office, on the other hand no matter how well qualified and experienced a civil servants may be in his job has not been elected to it by the elected representatives who must draw the lines on which government of the day functions.

The loyalty of the civil servants it to executes the primary problems of the study addressed therefore is what relationship exist between the career civil servant and the political office holders.

1.3 Objective Of Study

It is anticipated that the findings of this study shall be useful in the following ways. The politicians will sustain the fact that career civil officers are experienced to act as achievers. The political office holders will fully appreciate the fact that good governance depends on professional and technical advice in the formulation and execution of public business.

  1. Identifying the roles of a political office holder and the career civil servants.
  2. The findings of this study will identify factors that enhance harmonious relationship between the political office holders and career civil servants within the local government system.

1.4 Research Findings

  1. Dose career civil servants regard themselves a professional planner?
  2. Can politicians be regarded as decision makers?
  3. Is their mutual disrespect for the suspension of another?
  4. Can harmonious relationship exist where there is no proper accountability?
  5. Is it proper for politicians to expect absolute loyalty even in the face of irregularities?

1.5 Significance Of Study

This enables us to know if the political office holders are doing their duty to ensure that the populace enjoyed their dividends of democracy. To know the level of contribution that the career civil servants are putting into to ensure the development of the society.

The study tries to bring the civil servants and the politicians together and shows the supremacy of the power which exist between the politicians over the career civil servants.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

This study will no doubt be focused on the relationship between the career civil servants and politicians in Owerri Municipal.

1.7 Limitation Of Study

The following constituted considerable limitation to the extent and dept to which the study would have constituted irregular attendance at work by politicians and key career officer made planning and execution of the research within the anticipated plan schedule difficult.

These problems were accentuated by protracted strike actions by the career officers making it quite uneasy for the researcher to reach all the subjects that constituted part of the sample for study.

1.8 Definition Of Terms

The researcher deem it necessary to explain some words used in the course of this research. This is geared towards ensuring charring and course approach of this study some of the terms include:


One who accepts responsibilities and try to execute it within the available human, material and financial resources is called an administrator.


This is the process of harmonizing and coordinating the activities of two or more people to accomplish a goal.

Civil Service:

Civil service as a service of federation of state in civil capacity as state in attainable.


How directives and instructions flow on organization. It refers to the line of authority that exist in an organization from the super-ordinary to the sub-ordinate.

Local Government:

Local government is the third tire of government. It is the government at the grass root.


A group of people who have the same political ideology whose aim is to control the machinery of the state.

Political Office Holders:

Those that are elected by the electorates to represent them at the national, state and local level.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This work was done in chapters which is from one to five (1 โ€“ 5) and each chapter contribute its own data for the work to be super structured.

It goes along explaining on the problem encounter by Ideato women and why the development of Ideato north local government is still undisclosed.

5.2 Summary Of Findings

In this work which is the case of study of Ideato North Local government Are, the researcher observes that;

  1. The women in Urualla autonomous have made tremendous contribution towards the development of urualla despite all the constraints on their path.
  2. The researcher also tries to discover that the roles of women in rural development are very important and can not be over emphasized.
  3. The researcher also observed that there is no colonial impact in the system of urualla.
  4. The researcher also finds out that there is no support or appreciation from government for the self help project which the women embark on.

5.3 Conclusions

During the course of the research work, the researcher was able to know and discover that the roles of women in rural development is very important and can not be over emphasized. But this role can be done in perfect way if only the women can be able to received external and internal support to encourage them on the positive track they are trading on. But not only supporting women is only the way that they can perform perfectly but also some other variable from the women side also put perfection on their endeavors. This means that women has to commit so many thing before their set goals should be actualized

Coming to this research, women of urualla development area has made a recommendable input towards social and economic development of urualla community and also this woman can contribute equally with men towards development of urualla autonomous community and even the nation at large. Then, government should encourage and appreciate any self help project done by women to encourage them to do more and achieve their aims, because this woman are facing some problem which are trying to hinder them from participation in development of rural area.

The researcher observed that women in urualla autonomous rural have made tremendous contribution towards the development of urualla despite all the constraints on their path. Let it be advice that women in all rural area who has not embarked on self help project should emulate urualla women organization.

5.3 Recommendations

From this work, women in rural area should be accepted to be important to the world and every rural communities and the nation at large.

This is because women association has some philanthropic aims in their objectives and they are edge to development because of these, the researcher recommends that;

  1. Women should be respected equally with men because all contributed immensely towards development of rural area.
  2. The government should encourage women in rural development by supporting them financially and morally and otherwise in implementation of this project.
  3. Self help project aware should be made to rural area to help the rural people to know the knowledge of helping government out in terms of development.
  4. There should be an organization of workshops, conferences and seminars periodically to mobilize and to be directed at policy makers and motivates women towards self help programs.
  5. Women in rural development should always see them serious as philanthropic association. Hence they should avoid or refrain in indulging in such activities that are detrimental to the general public.

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