Analysis And Management Of Road Accident: A Case Study Ilorin- Omu Aran Road Kwara State
The major objective of this research is to examine the variation patterns of road traffic accident in Ilorin-Omu- Aran Road, Kwara State. The study used secondary data of Accident records and vehicular situation were obtained from the Nigeria police force (NPF) and Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC).
Chapter one of the projects deals and focused majorly on the general introduction which consist of the definition and meaning of road accident the aim and objectives of why the road accident should be minimized. It also consists of the scope of the study and its significance to the study generally.
Chapter two of this write up deals with the literature review which consist of the view of research as to the multiple approaches to road accident, the causes of road accidents and the driver’s behaviors generally to highway and accident, which also incorporate in details the effects of speed on roads by drivers.
The data presentation and analysis considered the accident causes and the nature, grouping it to fatal, serious, and minor.
Using Ilorin- Omu Aran road as a case study include as the accidents photographs. The effect of accident was considered on the people who include the feelings and attitude of every deceased family and individual.
Suggesting ways and for which methods accident data could be managed together with the prevention measure to road accident.
Table of Contents
- Title Page
- Approval Page
- 1.1 Aim and objectives of these project
- 1.3 Significance of project
- 1.4 Scope of the project
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 The multiple approaches of highway accidents 6 Accident Report and Statistics
- 2.3 A focuses on road layout and road characteristics
- 2.4 The statistical analysis of road accident data
- 2.5 Types of road traffic accident
- 2.6 Causes of road accidents
- 2.7 Drivers attitudes and highway accident
- 2.8 Speed and highway accident
- 3.1 Data presentation and analysis
- 3.1 Tables
4.0 Result and Discussion
5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendation
Road Traffic Accidents are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in low-and middle-income countries. The World Health Organization estimates that more than 3000 people are killed daily in road traffic accidents globally, with at least 30.000 others inured or disabled, This adds up to over 1 million people killed and between 20-50 million injured or crippled in road traffic crashes each year (Krug et al, 2000). The rising trend in morbidity and mortality rates due to road traffic accidents in low-and middle-income countries has moved some to declare road traffic accidents.
Road Traffic Accident (R.T.A) remains a dreadful world over. The trend has been on decline in most develop countries, while the reverse is the case in the developing nation. Road Traffic Accident (R.T.A) as well as other accidents is effect that happens very rapidly. Furthermore, they are culmination of chain unpleasant can broken a potential accident prevented among the most obvious present efforts to reduce the road traffic accident.
Those concerned followed a single focus approach. Engineers m ay think only of improvements of vehicles or roads, training for drivers and pedestrians and laws enforcement and licensing officials of control and punishment. All play importance roles, all those agencies attempt to eradicate highway accidents. Sponsored organization such as Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) Highway Safety and research groups sponsored by the automobile manufacturers association.
The technical review journal described Nigeria as the most dangerous country in terms of road hazards, statistical analysis and the rate of data on road accident supplied by the Nigeria Police has reinforced this stigma. In the United State of America, at least 54,000 death rate and 2 million injuries were recorded in 1970.
The resulted economics wasted was estimated at 13:6 million. A total of 18,749, peoples were killed on Nigeria roads in the first decade after independence while 104,825 peoples were injured in the second decade i.e., 1997-1979, 57,136 peoples were killed and 209,089 injured while in the third decade from 1983,the injured or armed which brings the total of 66 average causalities per day.
Road accident records within nearly 60-70% death rate in the country roads are getting worst. Ignoring road warnings and danger signs to contribute to high rate of accidents. With economic growth over the years. The numbers of vehicle on road grew tremendously with increase in the rate of motor accidents from 1976.
1.1 Aim and Objectives
The aim of this project is to access the analysis and management of road accident.
The objectives of this project are as follow
- To study the causes of road accident and some possible solution to it
- To collect the necessary traffic data on roads
- To reduce the current high rate of road accident.
1.2 Significance of the Study
This study will be of great important as it will clarify the relevance of road (accident) on the traffic. The researches on road accident will stimulate and reduce dangers and risks by discovering new ideas and comfort desired by traveler and pedestrians on road. It will also contribute to the economy stability and growth of the country which usually create fears for drivers and road users. The study will also help the road users and the pedestrians in enhancing a safe movement.
1.3 Scope of the Study
This study entails analysis and Management of Road Accident Records, investigation in to the road accidents and its impact on travelers and lives generally, focusing on Ilorin -Omu-aran roads. some data are to be collected and analysis for the government to find remedy for the problem of roads and the hazards could be caused using Kwara as a case study.
1.4 Proposed Methodology
The methods to be employed in this research project are as follows,
- Collection of data/ information from the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC).
- Data collection from the National Union Of Road Transport workers (NURTW) to investigate the number of accident that occur within ilorin-omu aran road.
- Other agencies like Nigeria Police force (NPF), personal observation and interview the drivers and commuters.
5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
From the project research work, the recorded accident claims most lives of the passenger compare to the drivers.
It can be seen that human, vehicle, environmental and roadways characteristics are salient factors that are responsible for road traffic crashes in South Western Nigeria.
It was established that road traffic crashes can be prevented by embarking on various crashes prevention and reduction strategies such as education and training, traffic enforcement, enhanced transportation coordination, road capacity expansion, and drivers enlightenment.
The trends and patterns of road accidents in Ilorin Omu-aran road between the month of March-August, 2013.is zigzag as it increase and decrease from the table 3.0- 3.5.
Given the critical importance of road transport in the Nigeria economy and the need to safe guard the lives of those travelling on the roads the following recommendations are made.
- There is absolute need for more commitment and sincerity of purpose on the part of those responsible for road infrastructural development and management and road transport management.
- In order to ensure proactive and responsible establishment of Public Works Department as was done in the 1960s.
Recruitment of personnel should be mostly from adjoining communities to reduce costs while creating employment.
There is clearly a need for road safety education and it should be directed towards road users, who are frequently involved and injured in Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) e.g. (Students).
An integrated programmed of road safety education is suggested.
- Primary school children may be introduced to the elementary concepts of road safety through stories involving the animal world.
- Primary school children may be given practice guidance on the use of side walks and road crossing techniques.
- For under graduate students, road signs, and motor driving should be introduced for them.
The real pressure and motivation to improve driving skills can come only through licensing authorities by adopting stricter more comprehensive and scientifically bases test laying a stress on road rules, regulations and traffic control devices.
At the time of given license to the public transport driver (Bus and Trucks), they can be given training in first-aid skills so that victims are attended to immediately in the post accident periods.
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