Analysis And Design Of A Retaining Wall

Project and Seminar Materials for Civil Engineering CE

Analysis And Design Of A Retaining Wall


Abstract


Retaining walls are structures used in providing stability for earth or materials where conditions dis allow the materials from summing its nature al slope or stability

There are many factors affecting or militating against the stability of retaining walls. These includes the level of water table behind the wall, size of the base of the wall and nature of the soil retained

Under these effects of he nature of soil,. we have the angle of internal content between the particles, the cohesion which is the bodily contact or binding of the soil particles and the unit weight of the soil . (density)
It is these different parameters that have been considered individually with different values of height in this study.


Chapter One


Retaining Walls

Retaining walls are structures used in providing stability for earth or materials where conditions do not give room for the material to assume its natural slope and are mostly used to hold back soil banks, coal or over, piles and water.

Retaining walls are distinguished from a\one another based on the method of achieving stability.

There are six type of retaining walls and are:

  1. The gravity wall
  2. The cantilever wall
  3. The counterfort retaining wall
  4. Buttressed retaining wall
  5. The crib walls
  6. Semi-gravity wall

Bridge abutments are often retaining walls with using wall extension to retain the approach fill and provide protection against erosion. They differ in two major respect from the usual retaining walls.

  1. They carry and reactions from the bridge span.
  2. They are restrained at the top so that on active earth pressure is unlikely to develop.

Foundation walls of building mduding residential construction and retaining walls, whose function is to contain the earth of the basement.

Retaining walls are required to be of adequate proportion to resist over turning and sliding as wall as being structurally a proportion to resist over turning and sliding as wall as being structurally adequate.

Terms used in retaining wall design are shown below (f.g 1-2).The toe is both the front base perfection and forward edge, similarly for the heel the backward perfection.

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