An Appraisal Of Local Government Administration In Community Development In Imo State (A Case Study Of Aboh Mbaise)
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I dedicate this work to those who know the truth and love the truth. And to my parents for their support and encouragement
I am grateful to Almighty God for His absolute care and protection and also for the good health He gave me throughout this period of this research work.
My immeasurable thanks go to my parents MR and MRS Emmanuel Ogu whose parental care and love are immeasurable.
I must appreciate my able supervisor Mr. Ozor J.E for painstakingly reading through my work and ensuring that this work is completed.
Finally, I must appreciate my siblings and friends for their support and encouragement.
This research question centers on an Appraisal of Local Government Administration in Community:A Case Study of Aboh Mbaise. This research work focuses on local government, as the third of government activities for the third level of government. The federal government deemed it right to develop the community through the formulation or creation of local government area.
This work will look at into the people at the grass root level. What and what have been done by the local government in the rural areas. The methodology used in this research is the survey design also questionnaires were used in collecting data from respondents and simple percentage system was used to analyze the data. This work looks into the usefulness of local government to community development.
Table Of Content
- Title page i
- Certification ii
- Dedication iii
- Acknowledgement iv
- Abstract v
- Table of contents vi
- 1.0 Introduction 1
- 1.1 Background of study 1
- 1.2 Statement of the problem 4
- 1.3 Objective of the study 5
- 1.4 Research questions 7
- 1.5 Significance of study 7
- 1.6 Scope of the study 8
- 1.7 Limitation of the study 8
- 1.8 Definitions of terms 9
- 1.0 Literature review 11
- 2.1 Introduction 11
- 2.2 The concept of development 11
- 2.3 Benefits of community development 21
- 2.4 Problems of community development 22
- 2.5 Definition/meaning of the concept 23
- Reference 34
- 2.0 Research design and methodology 35
- 3.1 Introduction 35
- 3.2 Research design 35
- 3.3 Method of data collection 36
- 3.4 Population and sample size 36
- 3.5 Sample technique 37
- 3.6 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument 37
- 3.7 Method of data analysis 37
- 4.0 Presentation and analysis of data 39
- 4.1 Introduction 39
- 4.2 Presentation of data 39
- 4.3 Analysis of data 46
- 4.4 Interpretation of data 49
- 5.0 Summary, conclusion and recommendation 52
- 5.1 Introduction 52
- 5.2 Summary of findings 52
- 5.3 Conclusion 54
- 5.4 Recommendations 55
- Bibliography 57
- Appendix 58
- Questionnaires 59
This chapter examines the subject of community development in its proper perspective, first the term “development” is defined in order to highlight the meaning attached to it in this work. In spite of all the efforts of the government to see that development is extended to the community.
The federal government of Nigeria recognized local government as the third level of government. This was the effort made by the federal government to reach the community development. This could be called government as grass root level, taking cognizance of development objectives of government. The federal military government has therefore decided to recognized local government as the third tier of government activities in the nation.
Local government should be precisely what the word government implies i.e. governing at the grass root or local level. The above quotation confirms local government position as the third level of government.
1.1 Background Of The Study
Before the advent of colonization with its subsequent indiscriminate imposition of uniform nature authority, system, each regulation or status in Nigeria had a different political and administration system which was peculiar to their respective historical, economic and socio-cultural circumstances and conditions. This traditional system of local administration was also used to foster development among them.
However, this traditional system went through some modification, resulting to uniform nature authority system. In the view of the fact that these traditional system differ from one part of the authority to another, the uniform native authority system that was imposed by the colonial master, while recording some resource success in the north, simultaneously recorded monumental future in the southern part of the country.
The presence of the British people in Nigeria introduced a different system of government known as “LOCAL ADMINISTRATION”; this was administered through individuals rule system of government. Here powers and functions were developed to the local authority to run the affairs of the government at the local level.
The military regime which instituted the system, designed it structurally to be development oriented. The military have the following reasons for creating local government areas.
To prevent instability that is prevalent in the grass root level of government significant function to local levels in order to harness local resources for rapid development. Secondly, local government was created to ensure the involvement and participation of the people at the local level in decisions and plans for their own process and development.
The most striking reason as far as this write up is concerned in this one that says that local government was created to mobilize the people at the local level so as to mobilize the people at the local level so as to harness their emerges and resources towards national development.
Local government so far has been an instrument for community development.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
In spite of all the efforts of the government to see that development is extended to the community. Some people still nurse that believed that local government has woefully failed to really generate and concretize socio-political and economic development of the local areas and their people. They argue that local government has not been able to wipe out unemployment and under employment. Illiteracy provides basic amenities such as health centers, pipe borne water, electricity, hunger and poor sanitary conditions, high rate of preventable diseases, low life expectancy of the communities, high rate of infant as materials portability, lack of education institutions etc, and that all these had lead to community development migration with all these negative implications for natural development such as congestion of the cities, armed robbery, prostitution.
1.3 Objectives Of Study
Many people do not know the significance of having a third tier of government in this country. Some people believed that the establishment of local government in Nigeria is a waste of resources; therefore, the study will highlight the importance of local government in this country.
Look into their activities so far using Aboh Mbaise local government as a case-study and to encourage both federal and state government to manage local government effectively and give them financial and adequate supports for effective development of the communities. So some people are of the opinion that local government has generated development for the community development. Some citizens in Aboh Mbaise local government in particular are not left behind in this belief. This is a problem that needs to be resolved, people should be meant to understand the good gestures which the federal government made in allowing local government to come into existence as the third level of government.
1.4 Research Questions
What pattern does local government portray in the community development?
1.5 Significance Of The Study
This study is geared towards correcting the misconception some people have as regards the value of local government. It will go a long way in detecting the idea that local government is an extension through which federal, those in the wealth to politicians or their supports.
This write up will expose the usefulness of local government to the citizenry. It will also motivate the society towards community development. It will help local government administrations (chairman and councilors) to understand why they are there and those asperities to be there to know why there should be there.
1.6 Scope Of The Study
As a result of many local government areas in Nigeria, this is narrowed down to our local government areas in Imo State. The emphasis should be Aboh Mbaise local government as an agent of community development.
1.7 Limitation Of The Study
The limitation of this study is as a result of financial constraints and time the researcher encounter in carrying out the research work. The first limitation is lack of finance was an expensive venture the researcher spent a lot of money on transport, the collection from respondents, also the typing of the project is very much expensive for the student.
Another limitation is the study of time factor the researcher was not given sufficient of political stability in Aboh Mbaise local government area in Imo State.
1.8 Definition Of Terms
In this research work, there are certain words and terms which need to be defined on the way and manner in which they are applied.
Some of these terms are itemized as shown below, the key terms in this work are local government at the local level of grass root, and government exercised through elected representative councils to perform specific function.
Local government as a political authority set up by a nation or state as a subordinate and for the purpose of dispensing or decentralizing political power.
Agent can be defined as a person or company that represents another person. It is also defined as someone who works for a government or police department in order to get secret information about country or organization.
Community may be defining as a place where people live in the same area, town, and an arts center built to serve the whole community.
The word development means change; it also means the gradual growth of something so bigger or more advanced. It has to do with improving the standard of living, a change or growth patterned towards realization of human being in any given society.
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The structure of a good project work
Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.
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Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.
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