Critical Analysis Of Adolescent Attitude To Parental Discipline In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Critical Analysis Of Adolescent Attitude To Parental Discipline In Nigeria


Abstract


Transitional period or stage of physical and psychological human development creates in the adolescents a feeling of tension between dependency on their parents and the need to break away. Tension and behaviour disorder, disagreement increases as friends demonstrate a greater impact on one another, new influences on the adolescents that may be in opposition to parents’ values. All these conflicts create in parents mixed feelings and makes parenting a complex task, with specific parenting practices which are less important in predicting child well-being. Base on this the researcher was interested in investigating parenting styles and its influences on adolescents’ behaviour. Null hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Review of literature was carried on accordingly. A sample of 133 respondents was selected for the study. The selection was done through the stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Questionnaire was the main instrument for data collection.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

A thorough understanding of adolescence in society depends on information from various perspectives, including psychology, biology, history, sociology, education and anthropology. Within all of these perspectives, adolescence is viewed as a transitional period between childhood and adulthood, whose cultural purpose is the preparation of children for adult roles (Karson& Wilson, 2004).

It is a period of multiple transitions involving education, training, employment and unemployment, as well as transactions from one living circumstances to another. Hence, the end of adolescence and beginning of adulthood varies by country and by function. Adolescents Attitude

Furthermore even within a single nation, state or culture there can be different ages at which an individual is considered mature enough for society to entrust them with certain privileges and responsibilities. Such milestones includes driving a vehicle, having legal sexual relations, serving in armed forces or in a jury, purchasing and drinking alcohol, voting, enticing into contracts, finishing certain levels of education and marriage.Adolescents Attitude

Adolescence is usually accompanied by an increased independence allowed by the parents and legal guardians, including less supervision as compared to pre adolescence. Adolescence is a search for risk taking, without risk-taking, teenagers would not have the motivation or confidence necessary to make a change in society from childhood to adulthood. Risk taking potentials have lead so many to new found sexual attractiveness, drinking, drug use/addiction, negative attitudes or responses to elders, delinquency, depression, aggressiveness and examination malpractices. Adolescence makes a rapid change in one’s role within a family. Young children tend to ascertain themselves forcefully, but are unable to demonstrate much influence over family decisions until early adolescent (Grotevant, 1997) when they are increasingly view by parents as equals.

The adolescent faces the task of increasing independence while preserving a caring relationship with his or her parents (Rawlins, 1992). When children go through puberty, there is often a significant increase in parent-child conflict and less cohesive familial bond. Arguments often concern minor issues of control, such as curfew, acceptance, clothing and the adolescents’ right to privacy (Steinber, 2001) which adolescents may have previously viewed as issues over which their parents had complete authority. Parents adolescent disagreement also increases as friends demonstrate a greater impact on one another, new influences on the adolescent that may be in opposition to parents’ values. Social media has also played an increasing role in adolescent and parent disagreement (Social Networking, 2012). A thorough understanding of adolescence in society depends on information from various perspectives, including psychology, biology, history, sociology, education and anthropology. Within all of these perspectives, adolescence is viewed as a transitional period between childhood and adulthood, whose cultural purpose is the preparation of children for adult roles (Karson& Wilson, 2004). It is a period of multiple transitions involving education, training, employment and unemployment, as well as transactions from one living circumstances to another. Hence, the end of adolescence and beginning of adulthood varies by country and by function. Furthermore even within a single nation, state or culture there can be different ages at which an individual is considered mature enough for society to entrust them with certain privileges and responsibilities. Such milestones includes driving a vehicle, having legal sexual relations, serving in armed forces or in a jury, purchasing and drinking alcohol, voting, enticing into contracts, finishing certain levels of education and marriage. Adolescence is usually accompanied by an increased independence allowed by the parents and legal guardians, including less supervision as compared to pre adolescence. Adolescence is a search for risk taking, without risk-taking, teenagers would not have the motivation or confidence necessary to make a change in society from childhood to adulthood. Risk taking potentials have lead so many to new found sexual attractiveness, drinking, drug use/addiction, negative attitudes or responses to elders, delinquency, depression, aggressiveness and examination malpractices.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Nowadays, the home seems to have failed to a certain extent to provide maximum interaction that would enhance “positive” personality characteristics of the adolescents, therefore leaving these adolescents to imbibe peer culture, which sometimes are detrimental to the adolescents, and the society at large. Home environment is made up of many factors (physical and psychological) that influence the personality characteristics of the students. Parents are believed to be the first primary agents of socialization of their children, so have significant roles to play in the personality development of their wards. These days, some parents who should be role models rather perpetuate societal vices in different forms in their homes from where the adolescents are exposed to. It is against this backdrop that the researcher intend to investigate adolescent attitude to parental discipline in Nigeria.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of this study is to critically analyze adolescent attitude to parental discipline in Nigeria. Other specific objectives include:

  1. To ascertain the effect of parental discipline on the character of the child
  2. To ascertain the impact of polygamous home on the character of the child
  3. To investigate the role of parent in character building of the child
  4. To suggest possible solutions to the identified problem

1.4 Research Hypotheses

To aid the completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher:

  1. H0: parental discipline has no significant effect on the character of the child
    H1: parental discipline has a significant effect on the character of the child
  2. H02: parent does not play any significant role in the character building of the child
    H2: parent does play any significant role in the character building of the child

1.5 Significance of the Study

Potency of the prediction power of the home environmental factors on the personality characteristics of students pose concerns to the generality of people, particularly psychologists, sociologists, educators, parents and school administrators. It has been observed that home environment plays significant roles in the development of personality. This is because home is the first social environment of an individual when he or she enters the world by birth. The early years of a child’s life are critical for the development of personality (Freud, 1933; Bandura, 1977; Hurlock, 1978). Theoretically, the study has provided useful empirical evidence on the predictive power of home environmental factors on personality characteristics of adolescent students. It was established in this study that home factors like family relationship, parenting style and Socio Economic Status (SES) of parents have high predictive power on secondary school adolescents‟ personality. The findings imply that any kind of experience an individual had during his/her childhood especially in the home determines in large part what the individual could be later in life.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of this study covers critical analysis of adolescent attitude to parental discipline in Nigeria, but in the cause of the study there were some factors which limited the scope of the study:

Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study.

Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

Finance:

The finance available for the research work does not allow for wider coverage as resources are very limited as the researcher has other academic bills to cover


1.7 Definition of Terms

Parents

A parent is a caregiver of the offspring in their own species. In humans, a parent is the caretaker of a child (where “child” refers to offspring, not necessarily age). A biological parentis a person whose gamete resulted in a child, a male through the sperm, and a female through the ovum. Parents are first-degree relatives and have 50% genetic meet.

Discipline

Discipline is the suppression of base desires, and is usually understood to be synonymous with self-restraint and control. Discipline is when one uses reason to determine the best course of action regardless of one’s desires, which may be the opposite of excited. Virtuous behavior can be described as when one’s values are aligned with one’s aims: to do what one knows is best and to do it gladly. Discipline is very important in our lives.

Adolescent

Adolescence from Latin adolescere, meaning ‘to grow up is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (age of majority). Adolescence is usually associated with the teenage years.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters for easy understanding as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction which consist of the (overview, of the study), statement of problem, objectives of the study, research question, significance or the study, research methodology, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study it’s based thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to critically analyze adolescent attitude to parental discipline in Nigeria.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of adolescent attitude and parental discipline


5.2 Summary

Parenting styles to adolescents’ behavior significantly influence all its five dimensions of adolescents’ behavior in their attitude towards elders, drug use/addiction, sexual behavior, delinquent behavior and involvement in examination malpractice. On attitude toward elders, adolescents with autocratic parenting styles do significantly better than their counterparts with democratic or permissive parenting styles. On drug use/addiction, adolescents with democratic parenting style do significantly better (in nonuse of drug) than their counterparts with either autocratic or permissive parenting styles. On delinquent behavior, adolescents with autocratic parenting style do significantly better (are less delinquent) than their counterpart with either democratic or permissive parenting styles.


5.3 Conclusion

Family relationship predicts personality characteristics of secondary school adolescents. Family moral standard does not predict personality characteristics of secondary school adolescents. Among other variables, moral standard of the family has contributing power of only 1.5%.Parenting style predicts personality characteristics of secondary school adolescents. Socio-economic status (SES) of parents predicts personality of secondary school adolescents. Students from non-literate home background exhibit higher profile in personality characteristics than their literate home counterparts. Also, students from polygamous home background exhibit higher profile in personality characteristics than their monogamous home counter parts. Apart from educational status and type of family, other variables such as family shelter, food, finances, job status and others were considered under socio-economic status (SES) of parents of the students.


5.4 Recommendations

Parents should be made to understand by the experts the need for going further in good parenting and not to relent their efforts to make their home environment more favorable for their children‟ development. Trained counselor should be posted to all the secondary schools so as to help counsel few adolescents with negative influences. Parents and caregivers should learn to accept, guide and be concern over their children’s or adolescents’ need to avoid their behavior misconduct, health, emotional and social problems. Parents and their adolescents should also learn to maintain a cordial relationship and interaction to guide against family conflict, depression, aggression, anxieties and worries on the developing person and parent at home school and society. Parents also should be good models for their children.


Critical Analysis Of Adolescent Attitude To Parental Discipline In Nigeria


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Critical Analysis Of Adolescent Attitude To Parental Discipline In Nigeria

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Critical Analysis Of Adolescent Attitude To Parental Discipline In Nigeria” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Critical Analysis Of Adolescent Attitude To Parental Discipline In Nigeria” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.