Adequate Use Of Teaching Materials In Promoting Biology Teaching And Learning In Public Secondary School

Biology Education Project Material

Adequate Use Of Teaching Materials In Promoting Biology Teaching And Learning In Public Secondary School


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Educational technology has gone a long way since its inception. It may be traced back to the time when man began his quest to influence the natural world’s course. Ogunranti (1984) highlighted three major stages in the evolution of what is now known as educational technology:

Stone age generation: teaching was done using chalk boards and books, and this never forced people to study on their own. Book and chalk board generation: teaching was done using chalk boards and books, and this never forced people to study on their own. These days, advancements in teaching technology have resulted in the mass communication generation. The use of instructional materials in biology classes has become almost as frequent as the use of text books and other laboratory materials. It has a good impact on student accomplishment; students who are given the opportunity to utilize manipulatives indicate that they are more engaged in biology, which leads to increased student ability in the long run (Bridge, 2001). Children were educated in a highly conventional and stereotyped manner around the turn of the century. Education was originally viewed solely as a means of transmitting factual information (Gavi, 2003). The instructor took on an authoritative demeanor, and the children’s knowledge of facts was periodically assessed, but no such exam was conducted. Were unconcerned about intellectual comprehension or successful execution. The major focus was on memory tests. Because there was a lengthy interval between the child’s answer and the instructor’s reinforcement, the teacher frequently utilized the lecture approach, which was ineffective for meaningful learning, and he did not use other common resources to augment his spoken instruction (Green, 2004). According to Good (2003), a contemporary teacher views each kid as a plant that has to develop according to its capacities and aptitudes in order to learn. The modern teacher views education as a process of interaction between the child and his environment, in which the child learns by doing and how to learn in groups as well as individually as the population and explosion of knowledge affects the pattern of human life and has a full impact on education, which is made possible by the use of teaching materials that can be conserved as educational technology advances. According to Hoilman (2007), students who learn science through discovery, particularly biology, would find the actual structure of the field for themselves, in total agreement with current scientific education philosophy, instruction, and teaching resource materials for secondary school. For secondary school students, biology consists of a textbook, student handbook, and teacher guide. There is no denying that information is a universal commodity, but how it is presented is a matter of personal choice (Carlos, 2005). Biology is an essential subject to teach since it improves one’s quality of life. Because biology encompasses all areas of life, it goes without saying that biology should be thought about in order to achieve in life. The problem of education’s lack of quality and consistency might be solved through judicious use of instructional materials. Teaching technology is a method of planning, implementing, and assessing the teaching-learning process (Long, 2003). Instructional technology improves the effectiveness, comprehension, and meaning of instruction. To make learning easier, a variety of materials are employed. In the classroom, the traditional teacher-centered approach has been replaced by a learning-centered one. It is referred to as student-centered being the resource, and Bilbao (2006) stated that learning just by hearing is the least effective method of learning. When compared to eight percent, piling teaches eleven percent. By looking, you can get 3%. Learning by hearing has the lowest retention rate, as we remember just ten percent of what we learn hearing after three days, compared to fifty percent of what we learn through both hearing and seeing, and ninety percent of what we learn by using the four senses, namely hearing and acting. The teaching of resources and biology in our public secondary schools cannot be overemphasized; the goal is to achieve the best possible pedagogical communication outcome with the students. To do so, the teacher must not only work tirelessly, but also make use of resources or teaching materials in order to facilitate better communication and understanding of the subject matter. Teaching materials will help to simplify and create a pleasant learning environment by reducing the job of the instructor in the classroom (Ric, 2006). Furthermore, the utilization of instructional materials allows teachers and students to strengthen their capacity to imagine and relate to what they see in the actual world. Teachers in both private and public secondary schools should not rely solely on verbal instruction, but should be encouraged to use appropriate teaching resources. They should understand that teaching materials add color to their classroom instruction, tie verbal concepts together, and give students a sense of belonging and complete understanding of the concept (Bilbao, 2006).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The usage of teaching material to teach biology will improve the teaching and learning process. Sotayo (2010) reports on a number of research that show how effective use of teaching materials may improve the teaching and learning process. It also encourages active learning and participatory teaching. As important as teaching materials are in the art of teaching and learning, educations have shown that there is a scarcity of teaching resources in schools. This study may bridge the gap by identifying a casual link between the instructional materials used by teachers and their effects on the teaching and learning process (Moyo, 2008).


1.3 Objectives of the Study

Many researchers have made significant contributions to the use of biological teaching materials in biology teaching and learning. This research focuses on the effective use of teaching material to increase biology teaching and learning in Chikun public secondary schools. These efforts will be focused on determining if a suitable biology laboratory is being provided with teaching materials in order to achieve the goals and, as a result, lower the failure rate in biology.


1.4 Research Questions

The following research question was created to lead this work based on the explanation of the study’s problem.

  1. What are the impacts of using teaching materials in public secondary schools to improve biology teaching and learning?
  2. What are the major benefits of using biological teaching materials in biology education and learning?
  3. Does the usage of teaching materials increase the learning performance of biology students?
  4. Does the content of educational materials affect students’ attitudes and interests?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study’s significance is to determine the relationship between current teaching materials and secondary school level academic achievement in biology teaching. The use of teaching material as a supplemental technique in teaching biology is more successful, according to the research, since the use of instructional materials increases interest and motivation levels. As a supplemental method, current teaching materials were proven to be equally beneficial for lower and higher portions. Based on the findings, the researcher made practical suggestions and recommendations for improving the effective learning of structural biology in secondary school. This research will also aid secondary school biology teachers in understanding the value of teaching materials and student interest in order to encourage their students’ learning abilities.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will focus on four public secondary schools in Kaduna State’s Chikun local government area. Out of the four public secondary schools in Chikun, the following two will be used:

  1. Government day Secondary school Chikun, Kaduna State
  2. LEA Secondary school Chikun, Kaduna State

1.7 Definition of Terms

Teaching Materials:

These are materials that are used to provide information to students about their studies.

Impact:

To have an effect on someone or something in some way.

Teachers:

Are instructors who are in charge of directing students through educational and extracurricular activities.


Adequate Use Of Teaching Materials In Promoting Biology Teaching And Learning In Public Secondary School


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Adequate Use Of Teaching Materials In Promoting Biology Teaching And Learning In Public Secondary School


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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the instructional materials for biology?

Instructional materials are wide varieties of equipment and materials use for teaching and learning by teachers to stimulate self-activity on the part of the students. The teaching of Biology without instructional materials may certainly result in poor academic achievement.

Why is the use of instructional materials important in teaching agricultural science?

The use of instructional materials in teaching of agricultural science is very important because it provides a concrete basis for conceptual thinking motivates people to learn and captures pupils’ imagination if used correctly (Ajalla, 1997). Science has been regarded as the bedrock of modern day technological breakthrough is built.

Are instructional materials indispensable factor in a teaching learning process?

Esu (2004) added that instructional materials are indispensable factor in a teaching learning process. Instructional materials are wide varieties of equipment and materials use for teaching and learning by teachers to stimulate self-activity on the part of the students.

Why is biology such a popular subject in education?

Science therefore, is receiving much emphasis in education because of its significance and relevance to life and society. Biology as a branch of science and the prerequisite subject for many fields of learning contributes immensely to the technological growth of the nation. 

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