Addiction To Drugs And Its Academic Consequences Among Secondary School Students
1.1 Background of the Study
According to Bello (2010), drug addiction is defined as the uncontrollable, obsessive use of a drug, which includes not just intoxication but also the avoidance of withdrawal symptoms. While drug abuse is defined as the intentional use of drugs for reasons other than those for which they were prescribed without the supervision of a physician or medical practitioner, drug addiction is defined as the use of drugs for purposes other than those for which they were prescribed (Kobiowu, 2008).
Despite the unwavering efforts of people, organizations, the media, and the government at all levels to combat drug addiction, the prevalence of the practice among post-primary school students, teens, and even adults in the community has not reduced, but rather has increased (charles, 2008). Drug abuse/addiction has resulted in many of the health issues and risks in our society. Mental disease, lung cancer, school dropouts, juvenile misbehavior, delirious behavior, and other health issues are examples. The growing occurrence of mental disease in today’s society/streets, with drug addiction as a significant leading cause, is a cause for concern (David, 1989).
No surprise, the factors leading to the victims’ exposure are quite common, such as the consumption of dangerous drugs during cultural and other festivities, either at schools or at home, during sports or athletic competitions among students, as these students exposed themselves to drug abuse students involvement. Cultism cannot be questioned since some people engage in irrational behavior. According to Bello (2010), students’ use of drugs for the purpose of alertness during examinations is also fairly widespread. Also, the adolescent years are a time for chasing the opposite sex, which most of them are unable to achieve without the usage of drugs to help them become brave (Mickey, 1994). Drug abuse among post-primary school kids, which leads to addiction. Gradually proceeds to produce lots of bad things in our society, such as an increase in the number of road traffic accidents as a result of these drugs’ consequences. In fact, some students have nervous breakdowns during exams, resulting in failure and eventual dropout, while others become rude and arrogant toward teachers and parents, causing riots and chaos in their schools on occasion, and still others grow up to become criminals in society, ending up in prison yards (Mickey, 1994).
Drug addiction, according to Bello (2008), is defined as a person’s inability to regulate his or her use of a drug or substance. He went on to say that drug consumption is more than a habit for an addict; his need for the drug also entails physical dependency, meaning that if he quits using the drug, he would experience a severe withdrawal syndrome. According to Mickey (1994), the majority of persons with addiction issues are dependent on alcohol or narcotic substances, based on findings from the literature. While David (1989) said that when addicts are deprived of their drugs, they suffer from a withdrawal syndrome characterized by observable indications of misery such as weight loss, cardiovascular abnormalities, and gastrointestinal distress, as well as mental conditions and seizures in some cases of alcoholism.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The researcher was prompted to conduct this scholarly work on the consequences of drug addiction on academic performance among secondary school students in Government Secondary school Kaduna State Nigeria, due to the high rate of mental misbehavior and excessive irrational acts of students in our society (Charles, 2008).
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The following are the study’s objectives:
- To identify the substances/drugs that secondary school students in Government Secondary school Kaduna State Nigeria abuse or are addicted to.
- To determine the reasons of drug addiction in secondary school students.
- To examine the effects of drug usage and addiction on students’ academic performance.
- To investigate prospective drug addiction prevention and treatment options for secondary school students in Government Secondary school Kaduna State Nigeria.
1.4 Research Questions
- What are the substances/drugs that secondary school students in Government Secondary school Kaduna State Nigeria abuse?
- What are the reasons of drug addiction in secondary school students?
- What are effects of drug usage and addiction on students’ academic performance?
- What are the preventive measures for drug addiction and treatment options for secondary school students in Government Secondary school Kaduna State Nigeria?
1.5 Significance of the Study
The outcomes of this study will provide school administrators and other potential users of this research with a unique perspective on the issues of drugs, drug-related behaviors, and drug addiction among secondary school students. This study’s findings will be used by teachers, guardians, and counsellors in particular, as well as educators in general, to improve their intervention methods when dealing with students who have drug-related concerns and behaviors.
1.6 Delimitation of the Study
This research on drug addiction and its academic consequences is limited to Government Secondary school Kaduna State Nigeria.
1.7 Definition of Terms
Illegal chemicals that students consume, inject, or inject for the purpose of achieving a physical or mental effect.
Drug addiction is the addiction to a substance
Intoxication is defined as the act of consuming alcohol or drugs that causes one to become aroused and unable to think straight.
An uncomfortable circumstance in which a person refuses to quit or ease up.
Compulsive is the difficulty to stop or control, and the student not been able is to manage his or her behavior.
Prevalent is something that exists or is highly frequent at a specific period or area.
Delinquency is a term used to describe undesirable or criminal behavior in young people.
Can be defined as when someone is unable to think or communicate effectively due to their excitement.
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List of Related Works
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the effects of drug abuse among secondary school students?
Students engage in drug abuse in an attempt to cope with the opposite sex. 2 Most students abuse drugs in order to gain absolute self confidence amongst fellow students in class. 3 Drug abuse among students results from influence from friends and peer group pressure.
What are the causes of substance abuse in schools?
Causes of substance/drug abuse in schools (N = 220). abuse in schools. pressure and depression. Abdu-Raheem (2013) also found students.
Does drug abuse affect academic performance of students in Nigerian universities?
Results of the survey showed that substance use is an important determinant of academic problems face by adolescent students and consequently has a negative effect on their academic performance This article examines the drug abuse on the academic performance of students in Nigerian public universities.
How much do students know about drug abuse?
This research reveals that the majority (97.4%) of students know about drug abuse and the harm it causes to health. The most abused drugs by the students surveyed are Alcohol (5.9%), Tobacco (3.3%), and Marijuana (Indian hemp) (2.3%).