An Account For The Low Productivity In Public Corporations In Nigeria (A Case Study Of National Electric Power Authority Nepa, Enugu Zonal Office)
The research on the account for the low productivity in Public Corporations in Nigeria with reference to National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) Enugu Zonal Office is aimed at determining hold best to improve the productivity of Nigerian Public Corporations.
In conducting the research, information were sourced from many places as well as reviewing of related literatures.
Questionnaires were also conducted for proper collection of data for the research and other forms of data collection such as personal observations were used in the study. Tables were also used to present analyze and interpreter data. At the end, findings based on the data collected revealed that factors such as poor management, change view of authority, conflict objectives by the leaders of public corporation etc are not unconnected to the prevailing low productivity in the public corporations.
In conclusion of the research, recommendation and possible solutions were given based on the finding o as to help solve the problem.
Table of Contents
- 1.1 General background to the subject matter
- 1.2 Problems Associated with the subject matter
- 1.3 Problem (s) that the study will be concerned with
- 1.4 The Importance of studying the area
- 1.5 Definition of important terms
- 1.6 References
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 The origin of the subject area
- 2.2 Schools of thought within the subject area
- 2.3 Schools of thought relevant to the problem of the studying
- 2.4 Different methods of studying the problem
- 2.5 Summary
- 2.6 References
- 3.1 Data presentation
- 3.2 Analysis of the data
- 3.3 Recommendation
- 3.4 Conclusion
- 3.5 References
1.1 General Background to the Subject Matter
Public corporations are government owned institution established to engage in production of certain goods and services for socio-economic welfare of it’s citizens. Such goods and services may be those, which the private sector may not provide adequately or may not provide at all for lack of incentive for maximum profit.
The performance of some of the public corporations in terms of rendering or giving services to the public has been a matter of great concern to the country.
The corporations have been performing below expectations of people, which do not justify the huge amount of money invested in them by the government. What has been common in some public corporations is low productivity. According to Mali Paul (1978, P.23), productivity is the measure of how well.
Resources are brought together in organization as well being utilized for accomplishing a set of results. Productivity is reaching the highest level of performance with the least expenditure of resources; the inverse of this is low productivity.
The gross effects of low productivity in Nigerian Public Corporations have been affecting the lives of Nigerian negatively. Given the rate of low productivity in these corporations, one may ask why these corporations are inherently characterized by low-productivity in spite of all government effects and financial to assistance to them which are aimed at improving the economy and thereby satisfying the ever increasing need for improved productivity.
However, improving the performance and productivity level of public corporation is a good way of achieving a higher standard of living of people as well as boosting the prosperity of the overall Nigerian economy.
1.2 The Problems Associated with the Subject Matter
There have been concerted effort by the government and the organized private sectors to enhance productivity in public corporations for instance, the federal and state government often times organize seminars and
Workshops aimed at making it’s personnel’s in public corporations to increase productivity. These efforts have been hampering by such problems
As: Bribery and corruption, poor attitude of the workers, leadership horse
Trading and a host of others. The low performance in some of the public corporations are some times associated with the personnel in these corporations. The personnel’s or workers do not put in their best while d at times weak organizational norms which are very inconsistent with the type working, some stay idle all through days, others come late to work and others keep absent from work with out permission.
There is a general conflict to objectives among the managers and management of public corporations as well as general laxity amongst workers who believe that government work is nobody’s work. According to Breach. W.P (1974. P 103), “People watch their own money closer than they watch other people’s money. Infect, lazy workers restrictive labour union, and bumbling bureaucrats all contribute to in efficiency and low-productivity in public corporations in addition to all the above problems associated with low productivity in public corporations, government regulation pressure and political inherence on public corporations contribute to low productivity problem.
Again, according to Bowing Green Ohio, an inefficient and ineffective managerial strategies who do not accomplish the main objectives which the organization has set out do accomplish and of people working in the organization conspired to be impediment to the attainment of high productivity in public corporations according to him, there is need to reform organizational norms as it concerns behavior of workers if high productivity is to be achieved.
1.3 Problems that the Study will be Concerned With.
The Problems of Productivity in Public Corporations in Nigeria is very
Versed, this study will be concerned with finding some of the main reasons for the persistent low Productivity in Public Corporations using the National Electric Power Authority as the case study. Some of the reasons for the persistent low productivity in publications include:
- Poor attitude to new and changing technology.
- The effects of government regulation and legislative intrusion
- Wastage of resources
- Lack of motivation of employees
- Changing view of authority
- Conflict objective by the leaders
- Poor financing
- Poor management
- Unresolved human conflicts and difficulties in cooperation resulting in organizational in effectiveness.
At the end of this study, recommendations and solutions on how to improve and increase the productive level or capacity of public corporations will be suggested which will definitely give the desired results.
1.4 The Importance of Studying The Area
In view of the fact that the issue of low productivity in public corporations has become a matter of great concern to the general public and the various sectors of the Nigerian economy; any move or attempt aimed at solving the problem will be of very important to the society.
This study will be of immense important to the society in that it will help determine the factors or problems limiting the enhanced productivity in public corporation in addition, the study will create enough avenue for proper evaluation of public the performance of all the public corporations with regards to their services to people. Through the researches in this study, it will be easy to determine why low productivity is commonly associated with the public sector than the private sector. Through this study, people will understand that pubic corporations and government have shortcomings, which conspired to form an impediment to sound productivity in the economy. This study will enlighten the management of public corporation on the need to discharge their responsibility with diligent. According to Schaller Bradley, (1981) high productivity attainment depends on the management decision and goals to be achieved; management of public corporations must establish the objectives of their organization and map out plans and strategies towards achieving. This requires basic investment decisions and general plans for utilizing plants and equipment and other available resources.
In addition to other importance of this study, the government will be in the best position to adopt the right strategies to ensure that public corporations fulfilled the government predetermined objectives or aim for establishing them. Finally, the study will serve as an effective reference item for suture studies.
1.5 Definition of Important Terms
An advance teaching based on a particular subject or Issue.
Unfairly influence and distorters of justice.
Standard of proper behavior or principles of right and Wrong rule.
Measure on how well resources are brought together in an organization and utilized for accomplishing a set of Results.
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List of Related Works
The following recommendations have been made in the light of the researches conducted and findings. In order to ensure efficient performance and enhanced productivity in public corporation:
- Employees of public corporations should be matched with jobs for which they are best suited.
- Time should be managed like other managerial concerns and bring time usage and waste under control.
- Training for new skills and abilities with in – house education and training programmers should be frequently conducted.
- Balance organizational structures so that no one function or department dominates the budget or the entire organization.
- Grant wage increase should be based only with recorded justified equivalent productivity contribution.
- Priorities in resources allocation must follow priorities of productivity objectives.
- There should be replacement of performance appraisals with productivity appraisal.
- Employee meetings should be held regularly to encourage communication, emphasizing employee’s productivity – both performance and resources and its relationship to pay reviews and benefits.
- Again, there should a receptive environment for labour and management to work toward efficiency improvement furthermore, correct application and management of technology according to U. Aka (1977) will provide an enhanced productivity in public corporations therefore, choosing the most appropriate technology is very important if high productivity is to be achieved. Also, capital according to Josephine Shaw (1987) has great potential when it is put into technologies, increasing output per man-hour or value to raw materials etc.
Productivity has become one of the most overriding concerns in
Organizations. Economists, Politicians, Community Leaders, Government Servants, Supervisors and elected officials look to it as the key force to bring jobs vitality, and growth to our economy. Executives, mangers and businessmen see it as the means for improving profits, competition and costs, workers and employees see it as the means for enlarging their compensation benefits and government sees it as a way of balancing budget, releasing more resources and improved services.
There is no question about it: productivity improvement in public corporations appears to be the key to meeting the expectations of many individuals and groups. It is where labour, management and government have strong mutuality of interests. Therefore, since an improved productivity appears to be the key to meeting the expectation of many individuals group and government, there is need to adhere to the recommendations made in this study to check the low productivity prevailing in public Corporations in Nigeria.