Absence Of Guidance And Counselling: Its Impact On Academic Performance

Project and Seminar Material for Guidance and Counselling

Absence Of Guidance And Counselling: Its Impact On Academic Performance


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the absence of guidance and counselling: its impact on academic performance using some selected secondary school in Ibadan South West Local Government Area as a case study. The study was specifically carried out to assess the factors associated with the absence of guidance and counselling in government secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area, ascertain whether there is a significant relationship guidance and counselling and students academic performance, and determine whether the absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools affects the academic performance of the students negatively. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed. The population size comprise of teachers of some selected secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area as a case study. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 53 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the factors associated with the absence of guidance and counselling in government secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area include; the poor perception of school administrators towards counselors, poor funding, inadequate time, in unavailability of professional counselors, and lack of provision for the counselling in the curriculum. The study also revealed that the absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools affects the academic performance of the students negatively. Therefore, it is recommended that the Government and school administrators should make deliberate efforts in ensuring that qualified counsellors are employed to all schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Counselling services are essential elements in discipline and management of people which includes students in our society. It could be difficult for any society to function well without the exercise of discipline (UNESCO, 2016). Guidance and counselling services are based on the fact that everybody needs help at one time or the other. This help should be rendered unconditionally with empathic understanding and free atmosphere. Again these services promote the personal-social planning and programming for students with special skills that help to achieve the goals needed in the school setting (UNESCO & 2016). Guidance and Counselling Services are considered to be initiatives that have the primary objective of making available information and skills to impact self-awareness and optimal use of the student’s potential for holistic growth and development. In schools, students need guidance and counselling services to perform well academically and to solve their social and emotional challenges as well as their career placement.

Counselling is a method of behaviour change. School guidance and Counselling programme have therefore been introduced to assist students overcome the number of challenges they experienced at home and at the school. Nyamwange, (2015) states that because of many pressures imposed on the family, parents tends to have little time with their children to give them the necessary guidance. According to Mushaandja (2016) counselling involves two individuals one seeking help and the other a professionally trained person who would help and direct the client solves problems and make him achieve his goals which will lead to his maximum development and growth.
Also one of the main vehicles to facilitate balanced educational reforms of the present century is guidance and counselling services. According to Modo; Sanni; Uwah and Mogbo (2018). Guidance and Counselling is one of the educational services that promote the effectiveness of the educational system goals attainment and guiding learners through the learning process. Guidance and Counselling Services have suffered a lot of problems (Usman, 2018). Some of the problems include that of poor perception of the counsellor by the school administrators and teachers, lack of provision for the counselling in the curriculum of all levels of education and supervision at all levels, inadequate responsibility of running such a programmed. The situation seem different in most Nigerian secondary schools. The complete absence of Guidance and Counselling services has been observed in public secondary schools in Nigeria and as such has serious implications on students academics. Inadequate time was the greatest problem in the implementation of the Guidance and Counselling Services in secondary schools. School time table does not make provision for Guidance and Counselling Services. More so, lack of funding is another setback to guidance and counselling services in secondary schools in Nigeria.


1.2 Statement of the problem

In school today one cannot boast of a good number of students who have discovered their talents or academic potentialities in secondary schools. The schools have not done much to help or assist students discover their innate abilities through the help of guidance and counselling. Consequently, students just choose to study all subjects in school curriculum without any special note of strength and weaknesses of each student. The result of this absence of guidance and counselling is that many students are not sure of the subject to study for their school certificate examination. Hence, they fail to have a good combination of result.

The complete absence of Guidance and Counselling services has been observed in public secondary schools in Nigeria and as such has serious implications on students academics. Inadequate time was the greatest problem in the implementation of the Guidance and Counselling Services in secondary schools. School time table does not make provision for Guidance and Counselling Services. More so, lack of funding is another setback to guidance and counselling services in secondary schools in Nigeria. In view of the above, this study seek to examine the absence of guidance and counselling: its impact on academic performance.


1.3 Aim and Objective of the Study

The main aim and objective of this study was to examine absence of guidance and counselling: its impact on academic performance. Specially, the objectives are to determine the influence of;

  1. Assess the factors associated with the absence of guidance and counselling in government secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area.
  2. Ascertain whether there is a significant relationship guidance and counselling and students academic performance.
  3. Determine whether the absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools affects the academic performance of the students negatively.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were developed to guide the study:

  1. What are the factors associated with the absence of guidance and counselling in government secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area?
  2. Is there a significant relationship guidance and counselling and students academic performance?
  3. Does the absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools affect the academic performance of the students negatively?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: The absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools does not affect the academic performance of the students negatively.
  • Ha: The absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools affects the academic performance of the students negatively.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The result of the findings of this study will provide basis for affective services of guidance and counselling in secondary schools to enhance excellent performance of students in the secondary schools. It is also hoped that it will help the government to make initiative of providing guidance and counselling in secondary schools.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study is limited to the absence of guidance and counselling: its impact on academic performance. The study will be carried out in selected secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area, Ibadan, Oyo State.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

This research project, like all human endeavors, had some challenges that threatened to derail the study’s completion. One of the reasons is that the time allotted for this work was so limited that the researcher did not have enough time to complete the task thoroughly. During data collection, the researcher also had to put forth extra effort to understand the respondents’ interview schedules, several of whom fell into the incomprehensible age group. Also, there were financial and transportation constraints to deal with. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, interview).


1.9 Definition of Terms

Counseling:

Is an activity that utilizes interpersonal relationship to enable people to develop self understanding and to make changes in their lives.

Services:

Is an intangible commodity. A types of economic activity that is intangible, is not stored and does not result in ownership.

Academic:

Is the internationally recognized establishment of professional scholars and students, usually centered around secondary, colleges and universities, who are engaged in higher education and research.

Performance:

Is deemed to be the fulfillment of an obligation in a manner that releases the performer from all liabilities under the contract.

Academic Performance:

This is used in the study to refer the scores obtained by the student’s in achievement test on Mathematics, English Studies and basic Sciences.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the absence of guidance and counselling: its impact on academic performance using some selected secondary school in Ibadan South West Local Government Area as a case study.

The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the absence of guidance and counselling: its impact on academic performance using some selected secondary school in Ibadan South West Local Government Area as a case study. The study was specifically carried out to assess the factors associated with the absence of guidance and counselling in government secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area, ascertain whether there is a significant relationship guidance and counselling and students academic performance, and determine whether the absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools affects the academic performance of the students negatively.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were teachers of some selected secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The factors associated with the absence of guidance and counselling in government secondary schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area include; the poor perception of school administrators towards counselors, poor funding, inadequate time, in unavailability of professional counselors, and lack of provision for the counselling in the curriculum.
  2. There is a significant relationship guidance and counselling and students academic performance.
  3. The absence of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools affects the academic performance of the students negatively.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The Government and school administrators should make deliberate efforts in ensuring that qualified counsellors are employed to all schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area.
  2. The school administrators should ensure that counselling is allocated time on the school time table.
  3. Government and school management should ensure that counselling units in all schools in Ibadan South West Local Government Area are well equipped with facilities that can enhance counselling processes also office spaces should be provided for counsellors and client.

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